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  5. "An abairt."

"An abairt."

Translation:The sentence.

January 21, 2015



why do abairt and ollscoil, both of which are feminine, not take "t-" with the definite article? That is, why "an abairt" and not "an t-abairt"? I'm sure the answer is obvious but I can't find it. Thanks.


Only nominative singular masculine nouns that begin with a vowel get a t- prefix following an. It’s nominative singular feminine nouns (and genitive singular masculine nouns) that begin with S followed by L, N, R, or a vowel that get a t prefix (unhyphenated) following an.


Thanks. I was looking all over trying to find the rule and couldn't.


Sorry to be obtuse, but do you have an example? Scratching my head about this one.

  • 1454

Masculine nouns beginning with a vowel:
an t-ainm
an t-eitleán
an t-imreoir
an t-ollmhargadh
an t-uachtarán

Feminine nouns beginning with a vowel:
an abhainn
an eilifint
an iníon
an ollscoil
an uaimh

Masculine nouns starting with sl, sn, sr or s+vowel, singular nominative and singular genitive:
an sliabh, an tsléibhe
an sneachta, an tsneachta
an sráidbhaile, an tsráidbhaile
an saighdiúir, an tsaighdiúra
an síol, an tsíl

Feminine nouns starting with sl, sn, sr or s+vowel, singular nominative and singular genitive:
an tsláinte, na sláinte
an tsnaidhm, na snaidhme
an tsráid, na sráide
an tseirbhís, na seirbhíse
an tsiúlóid, na siúlóide

Note that these feminine nouns also get that t prefix after a simple preposition+an - ar an tsráid, ag an tseanbhean, leis an tseirbhís, etc.


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