"March is a month of the year."
Translation:Mars är en månad på året.
Swedish generally doesn't have the "of" construction for possession, save for in set phrases. So it's really the other way around - you want to never use it as a guideline, and learn the exceptions by heart. :)
In this case, you could also say Mars är en av årets månader. This corresponds to "March is one of the months of the year", so it's probably not accepted, but it shows the difference - the av isn't used for possession here, but for a part of a whole.
Ah, I see. As you know, English can express possession in two ways:
- x of y
- y's x
But with the second option, y's x, this turns the x into a definite. This has two consequences for the suggestion of "March is a the year's month":
- Since it's now in the definite, it turns the French into mars est le mois de l'année.
- The "a" is incorrect because the month is definite. So that turns the French into mars est un le mois de l'année.
So what we can do in English is to use the same construction as French: "March is a month of the year" - mars est un mois de l'année.
But Swedish doesn't have this possessive construction - x of y. With some exceptions, we only use y's x. Hence, mars är en månad av året is not grammatical in Swedish. However, as I showed above, that doesn't work because it's in the definite - so we have a problem!
There are two ways to solve this in Swedish:
- Use another expression - the idiomatic one is mars är en månad på året. This is not a general phrasing, but an idiomatic one for this scenario.
- Use mars är en av årets månader instead. This works exactly like its direct English counterpart: "March is one of the year's months" - or, more idiomatically: "March is one of the months of the year". Or in what I'm not entirely sure is correct French: mars est l'un des mois de l'année. :)
I hope that helps explain it a bit better!
We Swedes usually use the verb "finns" to describe where something exists or is located. For example; Kaffet finns i skåpet, The coffee is in the cabinet
Both "är" and "finns" basically means "is". Example; The coffee beans are brown, Kaffebönorna är bruna. The coffee is cold, Kaffet är kallt.
Hopefully it's of some use to you.