In the conlang Esperanto Vi means you and Ni means we. That is making me put in the wrong translation every time, oh my god.
as a native swedish speaker trying to learn esperanto, this is really difficult
If it helps, the reason that Ni in esperanto means we, is because it comes from the Romance Languages (Nous is French for We) and Vi also comes from the Romance languages (Vous is French for you). When Esperanto was first under creation, French was the most influential language in Europe at the time. Thus, according to the creator, it made sense to create pronouns relating to such a language.
And in French and Italian we is nous and noi respectively. This is going to be a hurdle for me.
Believe it or not, "ni" is you in Tamil (a language spoken in parts of South India, Sri Lanka and Singapore) as well. :)
Ni (你) is Chinese = You in English (singular only) = Du in Swedish. Nimen (你們) in Chinese = You in English (plural) = Ni in Swedish.
Does 'ni' mean only 'you (pl)' or also the '(formal) you' -- like in German 'Sie'? Or is there a separate word for that?
Formal "you" is not being used alot in swedish, the only person you have to use it for is the swedish King
Is "Du" and "Ni" the same? They both mean the same ("you") when I hover over the word.
Normal usage is du when speaking to one person and ni when speaking to several, also see my other comment here.
So my understand, having grown up with Southeastern U.S. colloquial English, is this: "du" means "you," while "ni" means "y'all!" :P
Esperanto "we": Ni
French "we": Nous
Both languages I'm learning use "ni" for "we".
Well, now I'm going to have trouble.
I assume "vi" is Swedish "we"? ;-; /s
Either way works. Swedish doesn't have a present continuous so our present covers both.
I learned at Uni in Germany from a Swedish native speaker that "Ni" means in German = "Ihr" and therefore means in English = "They"
You = Du (German) = Du (Swedish)
No, German "ihr" is second person, while English "They" is third person. German "du" and "ihr" are both "you" in English (no distinction between singular and plural form there)
"Ihr" in German means several different things depending on what case you're in. You're equating with the wrong one.
Fun fact:if you put "o" in the middle of "ni" it translates to "we" in romanian
If you put "t" at the end of "ni", you get "nit", which is the egg of a little creature that lives in your hair (headlice).
It's little hard to remember when "Ni" comes and what it means but its okey... we can do it people!
If you can replace you with 'I' then i figure its generally Du. If i can replace you with "me" then i figure it is dig and if it is to several people then id use Ni