"Then why are they here?"
Translation:Allora perché sono qui?
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The reason for that is actually inherent to the language itself: in English "then" is used to express both a temporal sequence, e.g. "first study then play" and a logical sequence, e.g. "if he's late, then he'll miss it", and also a general past, e.g. "back then". In Italian "allora" only covers the last two, while for the first one you have to use "poi". In this particular sentence some sort of "if" is implied.
Lots of 'allora vs poi' inquiries and eight years later still confusion with overly complicated answers given by the mods. When all else fails just remember 'allora' is most frequently used at the beginning of a sentence (re. Learn Italian With Lucrezia). Allora, cominciamo! Well, let's begin! So, let's begin!
Think of "poi" as a 'linker', linking two actions together that don't have a cause and effect meaning that allora has (after that, then). I went to the movies, then I went to a pub. Sono andato al cinema, poi sono andato a un pub. (re. Rocket Languages).
I hope you're not paying for this LMAO
Qui/qua both mean here, while lì/là mean there; and for the record, there's also costì and costà, but you'll likely never hear them outside of Tuscany.
The meaning of each is as follows:
- Qui: right here where I am
- Qua: in my general proximity
- Costì: right there where you are
- Costà: in your general proximity
- Lì: exactly over there
- Là: over there
In actual speech, most Italians don't mind the difference between qui and qua and between lì and là that much, usage depends more on personal preference; when in doubt, use qua for here and là for there, they're the most common, especially in idioms.
I can accept what the moderator says, though I'm not sure why or how "allora . . . qui" signifies a "logical sequence." "Why we are here" may suggest a metaphysical question or a philosophical concern. But it may equally indicate that we are here because we stupidly turned left when we should have continued straight. If there's logical sequencing associated with the latter, it escapes me.