Hmmm.. So we have 3 sentences to say I AM SORRY in Swedish language which depend of sitation. 1) URSÄKTA - that is more like EXCUSE ME - for example if we want to ask some one for something on the street. 2) FÖRLÅT MIG - I AM SORRY, when we made something wrong 3) JAG ÄR LEDSEN - I AM SORRY, when someone will tell something sad (for example that something died). Something like polish PRZYKRO MI.
Am I wrong?
Thank you, I had been trying to het that straight in my head and that was a reallt nice and sinpke way to lay it out. Hopefully it'll stick now :)
does it mean ""i am sorry" or "i am sad"? i thought ursäkta means ' sorry'. or ursäkta is more of 'excuse me'?
It means both. And yes, ursäkta means ’excuse me’ and jag är ledsen means ’I am sorry’. Note that ledsen is pronounced /lessen/.
are there no misunderstandings with these two sentences pronounced the same?
Yes, förlåt can also be used.
To förlåta is to forgive, so if you've done something wrong or hurt someone, förlåt is a better word that ursäkta.
Do I remember correctly that the proper reply would be 'för all del' or 'det gör ingenting'? Or maybe something else?
Can just "ledsen" be used the same way just "Sorry!" is used in English?
From what I understand, the "led" in "ledsen" is related to the "leid" (pain, discomfort) in "tut mir leid" in German. Which can mean "I'm sorry" but literally means "It makes me hurt/it pains me". So, “ledsen” kind of means “feeling bad emotionally”, which pretty much covers sadness and regret.
In English it is very different and confusing. The concept of “sorry” and “sad” are still close cousins, but contrarily to Swedish, English created a term specifically for sadness and reserved “sorry” for “feeling regret”. But “sorrow”, although more closely etymologically related to “sorry”, is closer in meaning to “sadness”. In old English, “sorrowful” is “sorgful”, similar to modern Swedish “sorgsen”.
Does it mean 'I'm sorry' as in 'I'm sorry for your loss' or rather 'I'm sorry for being rude'?
Beeing just "sorry" and beeing "sad" are 2 different feelings. Isn't there a word that describes when you are profoundly sad (to the edge of, or crying) ? Thank you.