https://www.duolingo.com/WienRuslan

Spanish "to be"

hi, is there anyone can help me? What is the different between 'esta' and 'es' ??

3 years ago

10 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/mare_sargasso
mare_sargasso
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  • Estar:
  • Location/position
  • Temporary condition/state
  • State of health
  • Form progressive tense

  • Ser:

  • Identify person/object
  • Inherent characteristics or qualities
  • Nationality/Occupation
  • Telling time
  • Express ownership
  • Impersonal expressions
  • Passive voice
3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/TatianaBoshenka

"How you feel and where you are, that is when you use estar"

Ser and Estar get me all the time. This is what I know:

  • Ser is for family relationships. Soy su hermana.
  • Ser is for professions. Soy ingeniera.
  • Ser is for intrinsic qualities. Soy muy hermosa, brilliante y ingenioso.
  • Estar is for location. Estoy en el baño.
  • Estar is for how you feel. Estoy enferma. Estoy bien. Estoy feliz. Estoy cansada.

Hope that helps. I get this wrong still so very often it's embarrassing. =D

Yes, and what they said sooner and more completely than I did. =D

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/jhorra
jhorra
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From what I understand esta is temporary, so things like how you feel or your location. El esta en la playa. He is at the beach. El es alto. He is tall.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/WienRuslan

how about if we would like to present a thing or a person, which one should we use??

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/jhorra
jhorra
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Can you give me an example? I'm not sure I understand.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/WienRuslan

i mean, like 'this is my friend' , 'this is my car' or 'it is my hand'

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/sebastosiano

Este es mi amigo, este es mi auto, es mi mano.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/superdaisy

Esta is a conjugation of estar and es is a conjugation of ser. Very, very loosely put, estar is for "temporary" things and ser is for "permanent" things. I've also heard it explained as, "ser is for 'the essence' of a thing."

But it's more complicated than that. The To Be lesson does talk about it, but here are some more resources:

http://www.studyspanish.com/lessons/serest1.htm

http://www.drlemon.com/Grammar/servsestar.html

and a quiz: https://conjuguemos.com/activity.php?id=24source=publiclanguage=spanish

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/WienRuslan

thanks, i will check it for sure..

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Klgregonis
Klgregonis
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Ser -something that is a characteristic. Usually long term or permanent, but it can be temporary, ie, if you are working as a waiter to earn money for school. you would say Soy mesero., which hopefully is not permanent. De donde eres? Soy de Denver. You will always be from the place you were born. Soy mujer. You could change your sex. No soy aburrida (I am not boring).-

Estar - state of being (can be a feeling, a location.). Donde estás? Estoy en Tucson. Estoy feliz. No estoy aburrida. (I am not bored.) Also, most adjectives made from past participles use estar most of the time.

3 years ago
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