https://www.duolingo.com/Sculptor94

I am confused with 'un' and 'una' in Spanish!

I don't understand when to use 'un' and 'una'. This is confusing. For example: Un nino or Una nina...that sounds okay. But Spanish people count every word either as masculine or as feminine...like- Un huevo or Una fruta. How would I know which word they consider as masculine or as feminine? Do I have to simply memorize the whole thing?

3 years ago

6 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/DanD_8
DanD_8
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Most Spanish words ending in -a are feminine and most ending in -o are masculine. When they end in something else you will have to learn patterns. Most of the words ending in -cion are feminine. Don't fret it too much. Do the exercises and they will start to feel more natural. When you reach a higher level you can look at the grammar and it will start to make more sense.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Abendbrot
Abendbrot
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  • un is for all words which end on 'o'
  • una for all words who end on 'a'. -ave and agua are special, they are feminie but they get masculine articles.

Yes, you have to memorize all those words, which do not end on 'o' or 'a'. But in Spanish 'una mujer' is easy to remember as being femine.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Klgregonis
Klgregonis
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Also, all words ending in ción and most words ending in tad or dad are feminine. Words borrowed from Greek (problema, clima), ending in ima or ema are usually masculine.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Dcarl1
Dcarl1
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Sometimes the ending is a clue. Words ending in "o" are often male and those ending in "a" often female. But not always, so yes - you do just have to memorize them.

I think gendered nouns are the hardest thing for an English-speaker to get used to...

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/lazouave
lazouave
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Always learn the article (el / la) as a part of the noun. It's confusing at first but it will become second nature soon enough!

Most words ending with -o are masculine, -a are feminine. Other typical feminine endings are -ad and -ción.

Suerte :)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Conquistador299
Conquistador299
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Watch out for some of the irregulars: El idioma = the language El mapa = the map La mano = the hand

If it ends with -dad, then it's most likely feminine. La ciudad = the city

If it ends with -ón, then it's probably feminine. Watch out for some exceptions: El tiburón = the shark El avión = the plane

3 years ago
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