I can't give you a lingo on the app but thank you so much ! The explanation is really clear.
I think "I do not love you but rather him" is a closer translation - for this sentence anyway. Utan does not always need the clarifying word rather, but this sentence is certainly odd without it. I tried it out just now and it isn't accepted so I guess the mods have their reasons for not including this. (They seem to be completely onto any potentially better phrasing that is not problematic for actually teaching us Swedish! Edit - in fact I see just below that "but rather" translates more literally to "utan snarare" so presumably that is why this translation is not accepted.)
"Utan" is used in situations where there is negation (inte) in the main clause. Typically the information in the but clause is in opposition to that in the primary clause. For example : Hon dricker inte öl, utan kaffe. She is not drinking beer, but coffee.
"Men" is used when there is no negation. Typically the information in the but clause is additive. For example: Jag tycker om kaffe, men jag älskar te. I like coffee, but I love tea.
The voice is not quite perfect on this sentence, as of October 19th, 2017, so I've taken the liberty of re-recording it.
As noted by some in the comments, utan can also mean "without", and the meaning is determined by the stress in this case. The word honom should be stressed to get the right meaning.
Please find a correct recording on http://duolingo.vydea.io/4e1b7a89eefc4342b18e699b29b4c6bc.mp3
For more info on re-recordings, please check the info thread: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/23723515
Thanks for listening. Ha en bra dag! :)
There must be a problem with the sentence. Negated is the verb "love", and "but" suggests that an alternative to that verb follows, so it should be something like "I do not love you, but I care about you". If we want to keep "him" as the alternative, then "you" should be negated in the first part, i.e. it should be something like "I love not you, but him". This is accepted as a correct translation, but I wonder if the original Swedish sentence actually say that (i.e. if it negates "you" rather than "love" in the first part).
I've always found this sentence translation a bit awkward myself. Thank you for your insight, Tim.
Wiktionary has good usage notes about utan. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/utan#Usage_notes
It also has a more clear example, using an intransitive verb: Huset är inte rött utan blått -> The house is not red but blue.
I agree the current English translation is a little weird, using the auxiliary verb form English prefers when negating transitive verbs, while not supplying a new verb for the second half. Your suggested translation, "I love not you, but him," sounds much nicer to my ears. Although I think many English speakers would find that form archaic, it certainly is correct, and an improvement over the default translation. I think to love might actually be the best verb to use in this form, given the well-known phrase "He loves me, he loves me not."
My suggestion for Duolingo would be to add an utan lesson using an intransitive verb, where the translation is clear and modern, then switch the default translation of this sentence to "I love not you, but him."
My comment should read: I was going to report it, I was bent on reporting it right after posting my comment, got back to the question, and... clicked enter by accident, so I should have reported it... but didn't (so that explains the missing report - sorry)
As to the first part, though, it is odd, I literally copy-pasted my answer here. The only difference between the official answer and mine that I can see is the contracted form and the comma. As far as I remember the programme cares little about punctuation, so I doubt it's the missing comma. Anecdotally, I once had a somewhat similar contraction-related problem in the Russian course. Anyway, if you're saying it should have been accepted I don't really know what went wrong here.
It isn't impossible that this heart-breaking revelation and I will meet again some day. When we do, having shed a tear or two, I will type the same phrase (contracted don't, no comma), and see what happens. Thanks for your reaction!
The word utan has many meanings and uses. Duo teaches the most common meanings quite often and then begins to touch on other uses. Think about word usage in English.
Without in English can mean "outside." It can mean "externally." It can mean "unless." It can be a noun meaning "an outer place or area."
Utan is similar: https://ne.ord.se/ordbok/svenska/engelska/sök/utan