You misunderstood RileyR24's question. So RileyR24, hoed is pronounced like hoot but making "h" harder without hacking it -- in order words, releasing more air from your throat. Goed is like hoot BUT you place your tongue at your velar which is a spot before your uvula to make "g". Also, you need to pronounce "g" harder because the softer version is g in middageten -- people would call "ch" in Scottish. I would advise you to study International Phonetic Alphabet. Learning Duolingo without linguistic knowledge can be difficult. I don't know why Duolingo does not provide IPA in their courses, making me do twice the work everytime I am learning a vocab word.
Trust me, I know your pain. I'm sure seeing that I'm a 25 you wouldn't consider me a "beginner" but I am. Oh, I'm MUCH better at reading Dutch now. But auditory perception is another thing altogether, and while I can say enough to make myself understood in basics--I by no means could make out someone rattling off in Dutch--but I have found in doing the "review" exercises. ("Strengthen") enough times--how much better I AM getting at it. Perseverance is what counts-- stick with it, eventually it'll come to you! The distinction is there; but it takes real practice to get to where you can "catch" it!