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https://www.duolingo.com/abhisheksharma7

ser contra estar

abhisheksharma7
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i am getting really confused in differentiating the ser and the estar verbs . when to use them . can someone clarify it please ?

3 years ago

8 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/thomramses

SER is usually used for something PERMANENT e.g. Soy alto.

ESTAR is usually used for something TEMPORARY e.g. Estoy cansado.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/abhisheksharma7
abhisheksharma7
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gracias por tu respuesta . aqui un lingot para tu

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/OnesimusUnbound

In general,

  • ser refers to essential characteristic of someone / something
  • estar refers to temporal characteristic of someone / something

http://studyspanish.com/lessons/serest1.htm

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Denfisksson

Yes, that is basically it, with its thousands exceptions :)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/OnesimusUnbound

Yeah, with the thousands exceptions, starting with "¿Que hora es?"

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/abhisheksharma7
abhisheksharma7
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thanks for the clarification . although there are many exceptions to it . i suppose only regular practice will help .

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Edina_Petrovac
Edina_Petrovac
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SER: 1. Ser refers to essential characteristic of something 2. We use it also to denote the hour, day or date (example: "Hoy es lunes" or "Es el cinco de Mayo"), to mark the place of origin (Example: "Soy de Bosnia"), when we speak about our profession ("Soy maestro"), to denote nationality ("Ella es inglesa"), to denote the material of which is something built ("De qué material es la mesa?" - "Es de madera."), to denote possession ("La pluma es mia"), to denote relationship between people ("Ella es la esposa de Juan"), to mark the location of events ("La fiesta es en el club..."). It is also used with certain impersonal expressions ("Es importante practicar cada día").

ESTAR: 1. Refers to temporal characteristics of something 2. We use it to denote locations ("Chile está en América del Sur", "Yo estoy en la casa"). The only exception is when we talk about the location of events. Then we use SER. We also use it to denote the condition of something ("la sopa está fria") and in progressive sentences ("Yo estoy comiendo arroz").

I hope this would be helpful.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/abhisheksharma7
abhisheksharma7
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gracias por la respuesta detallada. here a lingot specially for you

3 years ago