https://www.duolingo.com/DogePamyuPamyu

Infinitive Verb Form

Should I be learning the infinite verb forms (vara, titta, dricka, etc) with each verb? I thought at first it didn't matter but then I realized that "vara" is used a lot, like jag vill vara författare or something... Will this be taught later in the course? Seems like most are pretty easy and just end with an a, but the irregular ones like vara seem somewhat infrequent and easy to memorize.

If I should be learning them as I go along, is there a way to figure out the infinitive of each, or do I need to look them all up as I come across them?

Thanks

February 6, 2015

10 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Berniebud

The infinitives are pretty simple in Swedish.

Infinitives almost always end in A.

So "Kommer" is "Komma". "Hittar" is "Hitta". etc.

There are exceptions, though. Like "Kan" is "Kunna", "Blir" is "Bli", "Går" is "Gå", and a few others.

As far as I know, most people, including myself, consider the infinitives of any language the "main" form of the verb, so it's the form most widely used in dictionaries.

February 6, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/DogePamyuPamyu

For clarification, do you mean "komma" and "hitta" would be the ones in the dictionaries as infinitive, or kommer/hittar?

The infinite form of the verb "to be" in German is "sein" even though it isn't conjugated that way for any pronoun, so I thought infinitive would be just the main form of the verb that gets modified. Does the infinite in Swedish refer to "att komma" or "kommer"?

February 6, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Zmrzlina

In a dictionary, you'd find the infinitive, thus komma or hitta.

February 6, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/trottoar

I don't know if you already got past V. Inf. 1 skill, but this one and V. Inf. 2 teach the infinitives and the ways they're used (either with "att" or without, depending on the context).

February 6, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/So1ovei

As Berniebud said, to change a verb into the infinitive form is quite easy, the issue (at least for me) comes with knowing when to use "att" before it and when not to.

February 6, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/DogePamyuPamyu

Do you know the rule? Does "att" just kinda mean "to" or something? "Att komma"? Can you explain this, to the best of your abilities? :D

February 7, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/So1ovei

"att" does mean "to" in the sense of "to [verb]" (along with a bunch of other things) but, I think... depending on the rest of the sentence, sometimes you have to omit it? So, "Jag tycker om lyssna på radio" = I like to listen to the radio. But "Det är svårt att säga" = It is difficult to say.

I hope those are correct!

February 7, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/DogePamyuPamyu

But you said the "att" doesn't come become some of the infinitives... Which ones doesn't it come before?

February 7, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/So1ovei

If you literally only want to say "to [verb] and nothing else, you use "att". But when you put certain other verbs before the infinitive, att is removed. Sorry if that was unclear...

February 7, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/DogePamyuPamyu

Oh okay that's what I was asking originally, sorry. XD

Att is used like "that" right? Like jag vet att hon är köt or something?

February 7, 2015
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