"La mappa sta sopra il letto."

Translation:The map is on top of the bed.

August 11, 2013

This discussion is locked.


What is the nuance in meaning conveyed by the use of the verb stare instead of essere in this sentence; in other words, why use stare instead of essere?


Essere is used for permanent qualities: La mappa è bianca. Stare is used for temporary conditions: La mappa sta sul tavolo. I think Duolingo has been a bit lax on this, allowing us to use essere where stare is probably better. It also applies to people: Io sono un uomo. Io sto nel letto.

EDIT: Ignore what I said! See follow-up comments below. (Now I feel stupid!)


I don't see any follow-up comments and would like to pick up the question again. Are "essere" and "stare" used in Italian in the same manner that "ser" and "estar" are used in Spanish, as dmmaus suggested?? Thank you!


Hmm, looks like the other comments have been deleted for some reason. I think "essere" and "stare" are a little bit like "ser" and "estar" in Spanish, but it seems to be somewhat more complicated in Italian. I still haven't worked out exactly what the distinction is. "Stare" seems to have more of a connotation of "staying" or "remaining" rather than just being a fleeting temporary condition.

But I'm no expert and have still to fully understand this myself.


Thank you for your answer! I guess we'll figure it out eventually.. :-)


Here is some information from the authority on the Italian language - L'Accademia della Crusca: http://forum.accademiadellacrusca.it/forum_12/interventi/5219.shtml.html

When talking about location, essere is used to indicate the location of something at the moment (i.e., where you can find it right now), while stare is used to indicate the place where something typically and usually stays or remains.

When talking about a person, stare is used these days to indicate someone's health, or to indicate where they live (again, the idea of where someone or something is typically found) vs. where they currently are. Stare can also be used to indicate the person's behavior or mood. However, this is a more informal way of stating things. It is also a more regional way of stating things in Southern Italy. Remember that the Italian language as an official language is still very young, relatively speaking. So, there are widespread regional differences in usage, due to the influence of the traditional language spoken in each region.

Outside of these points, there are idiomatic expressions in which one may not exchange the verbs for each other. In addition, there are verb tenses and aspects in which only one or the other may be used. For example, essere is used as the auxiliary verb for most intransitive verbs in the passato prossimo, whereas stare is used as the auxiliary verb in the present and past progressive aspects and the present prospective aspect (e.g., when one is saying that they are about to do something).


As a native speaker I can assure you no Italian would say this sentence


thank you. I am beginning to feel that way about a lot of phrases on duolingo. That is the problem with a free program I guess..


Is the English translation correct? Could it also mean "The map is above the bed. " meaning on the wall next to the bed. "On top of" sounds unusual to me. Why not simply "on the bed"? which I would expect to be in Italian "La mappa è sul letto". I know, I know, one fool can ask more than ... :)


I think you're correct about su/sopra. Based on the course so far, and what little exposure to Italian I have, sopra seems to usually mean above as opposed to on, but su seems subtly different from the English "on".


DL accepted above the bed, which I instinctively used.


Could 'stare' meaning 'to stay' be valid here too?


It's better to use 'essere' and not 'stare' in this sentence


I thought 'la cartina' was the word for map. Can any Italian speaker throw light on this?


Now I am with this doubt, if "stare" can be used for locations.


Does sta come from the verb stare which means to stay?so why is it wrong for me to say it stays?


All quibbling aside, we are to write what the voice says in this exercise. "La mappa sta sopra il letto." is what the voice says, correct or not.

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