"De vrouw is geschrokken van de spin in haar schoen."
Translation:The woman is frightened by the spider in her shoe.
Scroll up, different verbs require different prepositions and they don't always correspond to the prepositions that we use for a similar verb in English. Especially read El2theK who is Dutch and indicates that it is "is schrokken van" for a sudden scare that is happening and "is bang voor" for a fear of something.
I found this site that suggests that "geschrokken door" could be translated as "alarmed at". http://nl.bab.la/woordenboek/nederlands-engels/geschrokken
I hope that El2theK gets back to us with more on this subject.
Indeed, but here it is the same verb. Google has 19,900 hits for "geschrokken door" and 217,000 for "geschrokken van", from which one can infer that the former is used as well.
Of course, they are both used, but are you saying that they are all used in the exact same situations? There are some very funny videos aren't there! They are probably similar enough as "shocked by" and alarmed at" are, but there can be a difference in nuance, can't there?
Frightened of not accepted. I can't see why not so I have reported it.
Only thing I can think of is that 'by' indicates that the spider in the shoe has frightened her (so kind of something that happened there and then), whereas 'of' would almost imply that there's a spider living in the shoe and she is always frightened of it.
'.... is geschrokken van....' highlights something that happened, e.g. she went to put her shoes on and found a spider in it, hence that frightened by would be the best translation.
Does the Dutch then carry only that meaning? Google translate thinks otherwise but it is not always right!
Your profile does not say whether or not you are Dutch
Yes, I'm Dutch.
I'd say that the Dutch 'schrikken van' only means 'to be frightened by' cause 'schrikken' implies there is something or some action that actively frightens you at that moment and generally something that you were not expecting.
Maybe in this example saying: 'The spider in her shoe gave the woman a fright.' shows better what 'schrikken van' means. So to speak, say if someone is hiding around the corner, jumps out and gives you a fright, 'jij schrikt' at that moment and obviously after it happened: 'jij bent geschrokken'
'to be frightened of' would best be translated to 'bang zijn voor' in Dutch.
Hope it's a little more clear like this.
Hi Elthek. Thank you for the explanation. Only a little detail: why can't we translate 'de vrouw' as 'the lady'. It could even be rather applicable here. ( I tried it for the curiosity, but Duo rejected it). I mean:lady=mevrouw,vrouw.It appears both in English descriptions. As far as I know... Bye, Lu.
No, to be afraid = bang zijn. This means that one had a general fear, in this case of spiders.
Schrikken = being frightened/startled by something, and does not mean one has to be afraid of that thing.
Here is a good example of "schrikken": https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WWLwsmcQUV0
You wouldn't use "afraid of" here, unless the person is afraid of screams.
Sneaky duo using spider after such a long time... I almost thought it was a needle or something before thinking of the spider!
The fantasy of the Dutch course makers is surprising and unlimited! Have a nice weekend, Lucas, Lu
Why not the woman was frightened by the spider in her shoe? since " is geschrokken" is the perfect tense?
Hi Sarah, I am not an English speaker, but "was frightened" isn't that a passive verb form? She "is frightened": it happened some instances ago and she is still affected of it (an active still present action). She "was frightened": an event that overcame here, but it doesn't matter anymore. The Dutch sentence wants to tell us that it happened right now, I think. Best wishes, Lu.
Isn't that an ongoing fright and not a sudden fright which is not only a different verb tense, but uses a different verb, I think: " De vrouw werd bang gemaakt voor de spin in haar schoen. " This could be completely wrong though! http://dictionary.reverso.net/dutch-english/bang
Is it possible to say "is geschrokken door de spin"? because in last exercise I had "ik word geirriteerd door muizen" and both can mean "by" I believe.
I get the by part. But why not scared by? It scared me that moment = I was scared by it that moment
I am confused. The woman is frightened (is + predicate adjective). Why not 'The woman was frightened' (passive)?
the woman is frightened = de vrouw is geschrokken the woman was frightened = de vrouw was geschrokken