Caérsele / faltarle - how do you use these verbs?
I have a thematic vocabulary and right now I am learning words in connection with body parts and so on.. Short story shorter, a few verbs got me thinking, as the writers forgot to add some explanation to these special ones.
For example the vocabulary says:
- caérsele el pelo (the hair is falling out)
- faltarle un diente (missing a tooth)
I know that verbs with -se endings are reflexive, so when you conjugate these, you have to match them with the related person(s). (For example: casarse - to get married --> They get married: Se casan.) And this is clear.. But..
Could you please write a few examples, conjugating these verbs so I will be able to see what are the changes.
e.g.: How do you say they are losing their hair? (-Le would change to - Les? and caer to caen?) OR We are losing.. (-Le would change to Nos?) What about the verb faltarle? Same rule applies here too? Do you have to put both -se and -le for the appropriate person as well for caérsele? If you could give me a few examples for both, I would be beyond grateful.
Thanks in advance! Have a great day!
Se le cae el pelo, se me cae el pelo, se les cae el pelo, se nos cae el pelo. The reflexive part is always referring to el pelo, so that would stay singular in this sentence.
Me falta un diente, te falta un diente, le falta un diente, etc.
Thank you very much!! :-)) Your explanation is way better than in the books :-) haha
Get in mind that the subject is not I, you, he/she, we, you or they but the thing that comes normally after. The subject in the examples you gave are "el pelo" and "un diente", so the verb conjugates for this. For example, with "faltarle un diente" you could say "Me falta un diente", but for 2 tooth, it would be "Me faltan dos dientes" (see that in this case the verb is in plural)
So if I understand you correctly here, these verbs can be used like "gustar". e.g.: Me gusta la sopa. or Me gustan las chicas :) Is that correct?
Very interesting discussion... so the "se" is the reflexive part, the subject is what comes after like with gustar... but in the examples Se le cae el pelo, se me cae el pelo, se les cae el pelo, se nos cae el pelo, the "le", "me" etc. refers to what? to the person who is loosing hair? and the "le" is used for "him"?
Thanks guys for your help :-) Appreciate it very much!! At least i can understand your explanations.. Bookwriters should learn something from you. I always have to ask other people when i cannot find something in these so-called grammar books...
Wow, that's like someone reading into your mind! i was just about to ask for of list of those kind of verbs! lol thanks!