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https://www.duolingo.com/serena_e

Spanish-when are verbs reflexive?

Hi, I'm having trouble understanding when to make verbs reflexive. I've been learning Spanish for years, but only learned certain reflexive verbs such as "me levanto" "me acuesto" but I feel like I hear it a lot while I'm talking with spanish speakers. Is there a way to distinguish when to place "me, te, le, etc" in front of verbs, or is it something I will just learn with time and practice?

3 years ago

8 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/remoonline
remoonline
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3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/rspreng

The issue is complicated by the fact that many verbs are pronominal, but not reflexive, like 'gustar' and similar verbs. And 'passive' forms, like "come se dice," are not reflexive. And me, te, and so on are object pronouns, not always acting reflexively.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/blopezn

Hi, I'm from Mexico. A verb is reflexive when the subject and the object are the same. Here's an example: I wash myself.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/CzechMonster

Those words reflect who is affected by the action.

1-ME = It has an effect upon oneself (YO)

2-TE = It has an effect upon you (TU)

3-LE = It has an effect upon a third person (ÉL/ELLA)

4-LES = Same thing but in plural (ELLOS/ELLAS). It can also refer to the plural YOU (VOSOTROS/USTEDES).

Example:

-I made some tea.-

1-

I made MYSELF some tea.

ME hice un poco de té.

2-

I made YOU some tea.

TE hice un poco de té.

3-

I made HIM/HER some tea.

LE hice un poco de té.

4-

I made THEM some tea.

I made YOU (plural) some tea.

LES hice un poco de té.

Notice how 'hice un poco de té' remains constant, while the person 'receiving' the action is reflected by the words you mentioned. It's just like in English, except that it's coded with those words before the verb.

NOTE: Keep in mind that LE also applies to the formal form of YOU (singular) -USTED-

You tell your friend: TE hice un poco de té (informal)

You tell a senior citizen: LE hice un poco de té (formal)

Hope that helps!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/NesQuikHP

hello I am Spanish speaker and let me tell you that is almost impossible for me try to explain you... but i will try, reflexive verbs are an action that you performance into yourself , the reflexive verbs become the subject of the oration. for example "Me hago un té" that means "I am making a té to myself"...I tried to explain you with my own words, but my English is not good at all, so here is a link where you can find a great information. https://espanol.lingolia.com/es/gramatica/verbos/verbos-reflexivos

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Denfisksson

You "te levantas" and "te acuestas" because you're doing that to yourself, you're not waking somebody else up ("Yo levanto").

Same with the rest of the verbs.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ProfesorAntonnio
ProfesorAntonnio
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https://www.duolingo.com/alhe69

Hi, Serena. i am learning english and i need to practice. speak and write. if you want i help you with your spanish and you help me whith my english.

3 years ago