Duolingo is the most popular way to learn languages in the world. Best of all, it's 100% free!

https://www.duolingo.com/Bermygirl2017

I need help.

ok so... I don't know when to use "yo soy" or "estoy". Which one do I use and when.

Thanks in advance!

3 years ago

14 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/FresnoVegas
FresnoVegas
  • 12
  • 11
  • 11
  • 10
  • 8
  • 8
  • 7
  • 7
  • 7
  • 6
  • 4
  • 4
  • 4
  • 3
  • 3

This one has a long list of usages, but it boils down to this ... Ser (soy, eres, es, somos, son) is used with characteristics - height, nationality, gender. Estar (estoy, estas, esta, estamos, estan) is used with acquired conditions - location, actions (what ARE you doing?) and even alive vs dead. These are fast and ready rules, so you can go from there to learn the exceptions. Good luck!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Bermygirl2017

so when I say in Spanish" I am very good or fine" I would use "yo soy" or "soy""?

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MaggiePye
MaggiePye
  • 24
  • 14
  • 13
  • 4
  • 779

Do you mean that as the answer to "How are you?" Then it's "estoy." If you are talking about, for example, "I am good at math," you're more likely to need "soy."

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/no.name.42
no.name.42
  • 25
  • 25
  • 25
  • 18
  • 14
  • 12
  • 10
  • 10
  • 8
  • 8
  • 7
  • 7
  • 6
  • 6
  • 6
  • 3
  • 3
  • 2
  • 1461

To say that you are well you would say "estoy bien".

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/FresnoVegas
FresnoVegas
  • 12
  • 11
  • 11
  • 10
  • 8
  • 8
  • 7
  • 7
  • 7
  • 6
  • 4
  • 4
  • 4
  • 3
  • 3

Sorry for the late reply. It's "Estoy bien" for feelings because when you think about it, a feeling is a condition right? Like I was saying though, what we are all writing here should be taken as general guidelines and don't overthink them. Some ppl will tell you that Ser is used for permanent things and estoy is for temporary things. That's how i was taught. I think it's misleading. After all, your job (used with Ser) is temporary, while death (Estar) is not. So, I say focus on these two ideas --- Ser is for Characteristics (who are you? What are you) and Estar is for conditions (How are you? Where are you? What are you doing? Buena suerte con el español!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/jrikhal
jrikhal
Mod
  • 22
  • 18
  • 18
  • 14
  • 8
  • 5
  • 5
  • 5
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2

Have a look to those links.

Moreover, you would have more accurate and more answers if you moved your discussion to the Spanish forum. It would also help keeping the forums organized.
Thx by advance for moving it there (and for posting the future ones about Spanish there).


Vivisaurus has been faster! ;) ;)
Thx vivisaurus!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/vivisaurus
vivisaurus
  • 18
  • 17
  • 14
  • 12
  • 9
  • 7
  • 7
  • 5
  • 4
  • 1895

This may be more likely to get an accurate response in the Spanish forum, so I moved it here. =]

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Bermygirl2017

thanks

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/no.name.42
no.name.42
  • 25
  • 25
  • 25
  • 18
  • 14
  • 12
  • 10
  • 10
  • 8
  • 8
  • 7
  • 7
  • 6
  • 6
  • 6
  • 3
  • 3
  • 2
  • 1461

"Soy" means it is a fundamental part of my being. "Estoy" means it is a temporary state. So, I would say "Soy estudiente" because being a student as a part of who I am and "Estoy aqui" because the fact that I am here is only true for a short time.

Edit: Another good example is that what I do for employment would be ser (soy), but what I am doing at this moment wouyld be estar (estoy).

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Bermygirl2017

thank you

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Tyechi

You use Estoy when the subject changes such as your mood. "estoy bien". Yo soy is something that doesn't change like "Yo soy de Boston"

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Bermygirl2017

gracias!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ArthurReaLife

Hello, I am: ''Yo soy o Yo estoy''. We use ''yo soy'' for to say For example: I am a student(Yo soy un estudiante), I am a teacher(Yo soy un(a) profesor(a)), I am a farmer(Yo soy un agricultor).It is an answer for What is your job?(¿De qué trabajas?) or Who you are?(¿Quién eres?), Where you from?(¿De dónde eres?). We use ''yo estoy'' for to say: I am here(Yo estoy aquí), I am sad(Yo estoy triste), I am sure(Yo estoy seguro(a)), I am single(Yo estoy soltero(a)). It is an answer for Where are you?(¿Dónde estas?) or How are you?(¿Cómo estas?). I wish the best. Keep going! From Venezuela.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Bermygirl2017

thank you soo much!

3 years ago