"He left early in the morning."
Translation:D'imigh sé go luath ar maidin.
Both d’imigh sé and d’fhag sé can mean “he departed”, but imigh is typically closer to “go” and fág is typically closer to “leave”.
If I'm not mistaken, I've heard some old songs where d'fhag means "left someone behind" (forever perhaps), rather than just "went somewhere". They were Scots Gaelic songs, but still...am I on the right track?
... I've heard some old songs where d'fhag means "left someone behind" ... They were Scots Gaelic songs, but still...am I on the right track?
Fuair Seán bás agus d'fhág sé bean agus triúr clainne.
D'imigh beirt deartháir go Montana sa bhliain 1824 agus d'fhág siad deartháir óg ina ndiaidh.
imigh is something like "go away", "depart".
“Go out” as in to a place, or from a building, or on a date, or be extinguished, or … ?
surely you know what I mean..? I'm trying to figure out the semantic difference between two words with a very close, but obviously not completely interchangeable, meaning.
If I knew exactly what you’d meant, I wouldn’t have asked. “Go out” has several meanings in English, and their translations vary in Irish, so I don’t want to misinterpret your question — which “go out” do you mean?
cad é an focal ar 'shortly'. The announcement on the train to indicate 'shortly' uses 'go luath'
go luath also means "soon", so it can be used for "shortly". You can also say gan mhoill, which would be more literally "without delay".
What's used in Irish depends on the time of day.
- ar maidin = in the morning
- um nóin = at noon
- san iarnóin = in the afternoon
- tráthnóna or um thráthnóna = in the evening
- san oíche or istoíche = at night
This is a very basic list, fluent Irish speakers will use many different contexts, 'sa mhaidin' is perfectly acceptable and is used widely. 'Ar maidin@ is more like "on the morrow', or "this morning". "Sa mhaidin" is common for "in the morning" or "during the morning".
I've only ever heard young native speakers say "D'fhág" for leave in that sense, under the influence of English, it's not a natural phrasing in Irish. Older speakers say "d'imigh".
My impression is that imigh is intransitive and fág (according to the dictionary) can be either transitive or intransitive, but I've never seen fág used intransitively.