"The trousers are too small."
Translation:Byxorna är för små.
To be more specific, lilla is only used before a definite noun in the singular.
boken är liten 'the book is small'
huset är litet 'the house is small'
de är små 'they are small'
en liten bok 'a small book'
ett litet hus 'a small house'
små böcker 'small books'
den lilla boken 'the small book'
det lilla huset 'the small house'
de små husen 'the small houses'
I'm having some slight confusion regarding how Swedish refers to a single pair of pants. (I've come across "en byxa" before.)
Does Swedish refer to pants as English does, where we say "pants" (plural) to mean one pair? eg. byxor = pants like in English (one pair)? But also byxor = multiple pairs of pants? (eg. "Did you see all the pants they had on sale?")
If that is the case, what exactly does "en byxa" mean? Is "byxan" a word that is ever used?
Generally we use byxor just like you use 'pants' in English. But it's also possible to say en byxa in the singular, meaning 'a pair of pants'. Personally I don't really use this word but I don't tend to talk a lot about clothes in the first place. It's certainly a word you can see in clothing stores, fashion blogs etc. I did a corpus search and got 1,671 byxa vs 31,828 byxor which feels reasonable – byxor is overwhelmingly more common, but there's nothing wrong with byxa either.
Thank you so much for this.
So it's basically:
byxor = pants (one pair)
byxor = pants (multiple pairs)
byxorna = the pants (one pair)
byxorna = the pants (multiple pairs)
And then en byxa/byxan are ok to use too, but much less common. (I apologize for being a bit pedantic about this, I think when I was studying French it messed me up for other languages with regard to pants lol.)
I never hear Australians say trousers either. Everyone says pants here.