"He has rice and the sandwich."
Translation:Tá rís agus an ceapaire aige.
Depends on your dialect but generally its pronouced ah geh .. the g being pronounced the same way you would when saying gate. Sorry if that doesnt clear things up.
Preposition in Irish combine with pronouns. When the preposition ag combines with the 1st person singular pronoun mé, you get agam. When the preposition ag combines with the 3rd person singular pronoun é or sé, you get aige.
Tá ceapaire agam - "I have a sandwich"
Tá ceapaire aige - "He has a sandwich"
Just a lengthy question on grammar here because it seems to be hidden away behind lessons and tips:
Say I write the sentence: "Tá an ceapaire agam."
Literally, this means "There is the sandwich with me", yes? I understand that Irish has no verb for "have."
It sticks to the VSO word order that has been introduced to me in Irish as the verb is at the beginning of the sentence, the subject is "the sandwich", and the object is at the end.
I read in another comment that the words agat, agam, aige, etc are prepositions and that they are a combination of the the base "ag" with the objects (makes sense with the VSO word order I talked about) tú, me, é, etc.
Is it right to assume that, in future lessons when we are introduced to things such as second person plural or first person plural for sentences involving possession, the other words such as sibh and muid will be added to the "ag" preposition? Is this the case for all prepositions in Irish?
No. It literally MEANS "I have the sandwich". Some English speakers like to explain it to themselves by converting each word separately, even though prepositions don't have fixed meanings, (ag doesn't always translate as "at") and there is no "there" there.
When the object of a preposition is a pronoun, they combine - agam, agat, aige, aici, againn, agaibh, acu, orm, ort, air, uirthi, orainn, oraibh, orthu, liom, leat, leis, léi, linn, libh, leo, romham, romhat, roimhe, roimpi, romhainn, romhaibh, rompu, etc, etc, etc. When the object of the pronoun isn't a pronoun, they don't combine - ag an bhfear, le Pól*, etc.