1. Forum
  2. >
  3. Topic: Duolingo
  4. >
  5. Serbian lessons, part 4

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Gaga986

Serbian lessons, part 4

Dear friends,

Shall we continue with our lessons? I hope you liked my previous posts, so we can learn new things.

My previous lessons https://www.duolingo.com/comment/7318148 https://www.duolingo.com/comment/7416320 https://www.duolingo.com/comment/7586938

Some of you did my exercises and I am proud of you. The rest of you, I hope my explanations are good enough for you to understand.

NOUNS – ИМЕНИЦЕ / IMENICE

Last time we did nouns – gender and number. There are small group of male gender nouns which ends on vowel –o or on a consonant but they have only one syllable, so they have a bit different way to make plural.

For example,

Стан – станови / stan – stanovi (an apartment)

Мач – мачеви / mač – mačevi (a sword)

Во – волови / vo – volovi (an ox)

Сто – столови / sto – stolovi (a table)

Син – синови / sin – sinovi (a son)

Посао – послови / posao – poslovi (a job)

Анђео – анђели / anđeo – anđeli (an angel)

PRONOUNS – ЗАМЕНИЦЕ / ZAMENICE

I guess, it is time know to learn pronouns and we can start with personal pronouns:

I - Ја / ja

You - Ти / ti

He, she, it - Он, она, оно / on, ona, ono

We - Ми / mi

You - Ви / vi

They - Они, оне, она / oni, one, ona

And possessive pronouns are:

My - мој / moj

Your – твој / tvoj

His, her – његов,њен / njegov, njen

Our – наш / naš

Your – ваш / vaš

Their – њихов / njihov

VERBS – ГЛАГОЛИ / GLAGOLI

In Serbian language, there are 3 main verb tenses – present, perfect and future tense.

Before teaching you how to conjugate present tense of regular verbs, first I will show you paradigm for verb TO BE – бити / biti. Like in English, this verb is irregular in Serbian language too.

I am - Ја сам / ja sam

You are - Ти си / ti si

He, she, it is - Он, она, оно је / on, ona, ono je

We are - Ми смо / mi smo

You are - Ви сте / vi ste

They are - Они, оне, она су / oni, one, ona su

There are 3 verb conjugation clasess. In order to learn conjugations, it is wise to know that the suffixes for each person singular or plural are added to the verb stem (base verb without infinitive endings). By combining the final vowel of the stem and the personal suffixes, we can divide all verbs in the present tense into the following three groups: 1)I 2)A 3)E

The first group: -i- group, an example UČITI / УЧИТИ (TO LEARN)

Ja učim / Ја учим

Ti učiš / Ти учиш

On, ona, ono uči / Он, она, оно учи

Mi učimo / Ми учимо

Vi učite / Ви учите

Oni, one, ona uče / Они, оне, она уче

The other similar verbs are: UČITI / УЧИТИ (to learn or teach), RADITI / РАДИТИ (to work), MISLITI / МИСЛИТИ (to think)

The second group: -a- group, an example

PITATI / ПИТАТИ (TO ASK)

Ja pitam / Ја питам

Ti pitaš / Ти питаш

On, ona, ono pita / Он, она, оно пита

Mi pitamo / Ми питамо

Vi pitate / Ви питате

Oni, one, ona pitaju / Они, оне, она питају

The other similar verbs are: PRIČATI / ПРИЧАТИ (to talk), IMATI / ИМАТИ (to have), ČITATI / ЧИТАТИ (to read), PEVATI / ПЕВАТИ (to sing) etc

The third group: -e- group, an example

ČUTI / ЧУТИ (TO HEAR)

Ja čujem / Ја чујем

Ti čuješ / Ти чујеш

On, ona, ono čuje / Он, она, оно чује

Mi čujemo / Ми чујемо

Vi čujete / Ви чујете

Oni, one, ona čuju / Они, оне, она чују The other similar verbs are: PISATI / ПИСАТИ (to write), SPASITI / СПАСИТИ (to save someone) etc

The subject of the sentence is frequently omitted because the person and the number are indicated by the verb.

So, we would say ‘’Pevam’’/’’Певам'' – instead of ''Ja pevam''. / ''Ја певам'' (I sing).

NEGATIVE FORM

To negate a verb, you need to add the particle ‘ne’ in front of the verb

Ja ne radim. / Ја не радим. – I don't work.

Ti ne voliš. / Ти не волиш. – You don't love.

On ne želi. / Он не жели. – He doesn't want.

Ona ne misli. / Она не мисли. – She doesn't think.

Mi ne gledamo. / Ми не гледамо. – We don't watch.

Vi ne spavate. / Ви не спавате. – You don't sleep.

Oni ne trče. / Они не трче. – They don't run.

While in English we have to add a supporting verb ‘do’ before ‘not’, in Serbian, the negative particle ne is enough.

The verbs IMATI, HTETI i BITI / ИМАТИ, ХТЕТИ И БИТИ (to have, to want and to be) have special negative forms.

IMATI / ИМАТИ

Nemam, nemaš, nema, nemamo, nemate, nemaju / Немам, немаш, нема, немамо, немате, немају (I don't have, you don't have...)

HTETI / ХТЕТИ

Neću, nećeš, neće, nećemo, nećete, neće / Нећу, нећеш, неће, нећемо, нећете, неће (I don't want, you don't want, he doesn't want...)

BITI / БИТИ

Nisam, nisi, nije, nismo, niste, nisu / Нисам, ниси, није, нисмо, нисте, нису (I am not, you aren't...)

Examples:

Ja nemam knjigu. / Ја немам књигу. – I don't have a book.

Ti nisi lep. / Ти ниси леп. – You are not beautiful. :)

Ona neće da ga vidi. / Она неће да га види. – She doesn't want to see him.

Mi nismo kod kuće. / Ми нисмо код куће. – We are not at home.

THE INTERROGATIVE FORM

We make this form with putting DA LI / ДА ЛИ in the beginning of the sentence.

Da li (ti) želiš kafu? / Да ли (ти) желиш кафу? – Do you want a coffee?

Da li (ja) radim? / Да ли (ја) радим? – Do I work?

Da li (on) voli životinje? / Да ли (он) воли животиње? – Does he like animals?

I hope you understood my try to explain those rules. Sorry, for mistakes :) I will give a few verb to conjugate, wish you best of luck :)

PISATI, VOLETI, ŽELETI, STUDIRATI / ПИСАТИ, ВОЛЕТИ, ЖЕЛЕТИ, СТУДИРАТИ – to write, to love, to want, to study

I hope you liked my new lesson. In the end I will show you some of Serbian music, traditional and popular. Hope you will enjoy.

Old traditional songs

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iZWVVAfGh6c

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4bWCnT4e6Rk

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NzeKOrxQhU4

Folk dance

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SrHYTro4prc

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j2zwHSJEPvs

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NBHMgfJAB4g

Trumpet songs, very popular here

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wqaUC7kTiIo

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uCgEd3TR2PI

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kokT0cA3UfI

A local genre titled novokomponovana (newly composed) is a result of the urbanisation of folk music.In early times, it had a professional approach to performance, used accordion and clarinet and typically included love songs.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZjvKKSvOu6M

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8CUmcEHO4R8

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=63BBWEp_Ex8

Turbo-folk music emerged during the Yugoslav wars and the breakup of Yugoslavia. Turbo-folk used Serbian folk music and "novokomponovana" as the basis, and added influences from rock, pop and electronic dance music.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pgq1h7Z356g

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MpHDTRAnwjg

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2e7OkH5H6-A

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gvchbkh4jQY=PLFMYEGyDmCc1ttOuy7SDK9STouVcHndl8

Rock music

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1LjyOGxJlmU

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P4D0yyBAJRc

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Hv7ticWWKY

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bRqwdGJ7xRw

Pop music

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yXtCovGjq-s

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z7OvpjplJ_8

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tc8JAGmdbRc

I think it will be enough for this time. I hope you all enjoyed!

See you soon!

Vidimo se uskoro!

Видимо се ускоро!

March 20, 2015

35 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/-Feodor-

Wanted to share this beautiful singing I found by Christian Serbian composer Paul Dragoslav. He's singing "Agios o Theos". At first he sings in Greek, then in Serbian. Says the notes were written by an Orthodox Serbian monk.

Absolutely stunning... Made me stop and think a bit about the meaning of God in our life, about eternity...

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HBW5Rq5u03o


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/-Feodor-

Found another video with him! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bvcejd6t22g

He's singing the Psalms there in Serbian. I can listen to this all day...


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/GeniusJack

Thank you so much for posting this Gaga! And for all your previous posts! :) I will learn all this material, and listen to those songs! :D I'll also add this information to our Memrise course! :D


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Gaga986

Thanks Jack. It is always my pleasure to share my lessons with you. And I hope people will learn a lot from our Memrise course :) You are such a great friend :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/therealpalumbo

I thoroughly enjoy these lessons. They have been a great help in helping me learn Serbian and getting a head start on the Serbian course (when it is created). Thank you my good sir!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Gaga986

I hope the course will be in Incubator soon. Anyway, I am glad that you have enjoyed in reading it. I try to make it good and useful. And I am a girl :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/flootzavut

хвала лепо hopefully I spelled that right, I can't tell you how weird it is to write that in Cyrllic and also not ijekavian ;p


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Gaga986

Браво!!! You did. I am sure it very hard for you to write in cyrillic and not using -ije-. But I hope you enjoy in reading things about Serbian. It is so close to Croatian, as you can see :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/wladamac

Cool fact, the word for noun - 'imenice', derives from the word 'ime', which means name, as it does in many European languages, but not English.

For example French is identical nom/nom (name/noun), and German is only similar Name/Nomen (name/noun)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Gaga986

Thanks for sharing this with us :)


Learn a language in just 5 minutes a day. For free.