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If you wanted to say a female person was a beginner, would you say "eine Anfangerin" or is "der Anfanger" the only option?
The dictionary states that "Anfänger(-in)" has two genders, it will only depend on of whom you are talking about. Therefore you use "die Anfängerin" (for a female beginner) and "der Anfänger" (for a male beginner). If you want to refer in general terms you would use the masculine version: "Kurs für Anfänger". Based on: Langenscheit Wörterbuch.
It is not the same thing. For instance, one would not call a new member of a big football club a 'beginner'. According to my dictionary, a 'newcomer' would be Ankömmling (m), Neuangekommene/r (fm) or Newcomer (m, sports).
First word in the recording does not come through in either fast or slow playback. You can figure it out from contexr, but I thought Duolingo's programmers might want to know about this.
Is it correct "You are a beginner" in English? I guessed it should be "You are beginner", without "a".
"You are a beginner" would be more correct. An article is almost always used when you say a noun = another noun.
I may be incorrect on this, but I think after sein you use the Nominative in declarative statements. Can someone clear this up definitively?
Newcomer is different than beginner. If it is your first day in Germany you are a newcomer there, but you are not a beginner in the German language because you studied it for years. Hope that helps :)