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Maybe I need to train my ear but apfel sounds just like Äpfel. How are you suppose to know how many apples this girl is eating? Just careful listening?
Pronouncation is different: Apfel [ upfl ] = apple, Äpfel [ æpfl ] = apples..
if it's Apfel it would be einen Apfel. if it's Äpfel there's no einen, cause it's not "an" apple.
Okay, now I get it. My native language doesn't have Ein/eine before singular nouns, so when they're not in the sentence it's easy to miss their lack.
Why is it Das mädchen instead of die?!? Oh Mädchen is neutral!!!! Duh. Great maybe this helps other students too. This was spinning me out
That also sound the same to me. Since I can't tell them about by sound, I just use context clues. The sentence is "The girl is eating apple/apples."
I know that "The girl is eating apple" is grammatically incorrect, and thus, I know to put in Äpfel.
Aside from the slight difference in sound, what gave it away for me was the lack of "einen" before "Äpfel".. I didnt think it would make sense to have it translate to "a girl eats apple".. It made more sense to translate to "a girl eats apples".. Disclaimer: Im still a beginner.
- Das Mädchen isst einen Apfel = The girl is eating an apple / The girl eats an apple
YOU CANNOT DROP "EINEN". "Das Mädchen isst Apfel" would be ungrammatical.
- Das Mädchen isst Äpfel = The girl is eating apples / The girl eats apples
The only difference is the article: (definite) das Mädchen = the girl, die Mädchen = the girls, if you have indefinite article: ein Mädchen = a girl, Mädchen = girls
How are we supposed to know how many apples the girl eats? This is not very cleverly made exercise.
I was asked to fill in the blanks, i.e. "Das Mädchen isst [Apfel/Äpfel]" without an audio track, just using the first three words to pick the right version of apple/apples. I picked wrongly "Apfel", oops.
Anyway, In English I would either say "The girl eats an apple" or "The girl eats apples". So in German, if it was singular, would it be "Das Mädchen isst eine Apfel"?
Yes, an apple is - ein Apfel (not eine, as an Apfel is musciline). You didn't have an article, so it had to be plural. German has genders that in case of nouns like an apple, you often have to memorize. (My native language Russian has them as well...) Sometimes there are rules, like das Madchen (suffix CHEN makes is neutral even though it is a girl). So one apple is ein Apfel or der Apfel (an apple or the apple). 2+ apples will be die Äpfel (with an umplaut over an A that makes it plural). Like English German has exceptions for making nouns plural - an apple is one of them for making it plural. You will get used to it the same way we feel of with Children as a plural for a child... Good question!
depends on the version of "the"
Das Mädchen- the girl
Die Mädchen- the girls
"fressen" is eating in a very uncivilized manner. Using it for people is therefore not nice. For me it is connected to the image of sharp teeth and ripping out shreds of raw meat, that is for humans of course. No idea how a girl and an apple should pull that off. Also you would probably not use "to eat" in English for that.