"The woman drinks water."
Translation:Kadın su içer.
93 CommentsThis discussion is locked.
Not always, in English we only have two forms "drink" and "drinks" for simple present tense, but there are more forms for "drink" in Turkish depending on which pronoun would be used. "Iç!" is the imperative form used when we are telling someone to "Drink!"
I drink = ben içerim
you drink (singular) = sen içersin
he or she or it drinks = o içer
we drink = biz içeriz
you drink (plural) = siz içersiniz
they drink = onlar icerler
I think a better question would have been, why do you think 'bir' should be used here?
So that is the same question I asked, where is "bir"? Because the English sentence presented for translation has the article "a" and in the past lessons "bir" was used for the word "a", as in "a apple". Since I know that "bir" is "one", I am thinking in the previous lesson, "bir elma" was literally saying "one apple" versus "an apple" as in "a woman". So, a follow-up question is, when would one know if "a" is being used as an article vs identifying a singular instance?
Why is ' Kadın içer su' wrong? Is this the typical construction in Turkish?
There are no articles in Turkish, however a direct object would have a suffix added only when definite. This Accusative case suffix is not used when the direct object is indefinite. On Duolingo, you will see "bir" added in front of the subject when it is indefinite, so you can safely use "the" when the subject is not preceded by "bir".
The i with a dot the ı without a dot are two different letters in Turkish and thus are pronounced differently. Simply don't think of them as related - just like e and a are different letters. Kadın is not pronounced "ka-deen", which is how it would be pronounced if it were spelled with the dotted i.
There is no word for "the" in Turkish, especially for the noun as a subject, but there is a suffix that you can add to a direct object that makes it definite. No articles, so when the word by itself is translated to English then you add "the" for English and Duolingo adds " bir" when Duolingo wants you to use "a"' instead.
Well, "içerler" is the 3rd person plural verb form for "onlar", but they usually don't bother to put the subject pronoun with it. When they do put "onlar" then they don't bother to put the plural ending on the verb. So, "Onlar içer" is quite commonly used and is considered correct, but they also commonly use "İçerler" to mean the same thing. Notice that there are two different letters: İi which is used in this verb and Iı which appears in other Turkish words.
There is no h in "kadın", the letter İi is different from Iı and both are different from English Ii, so that makes two spelling errors, plus the verb must go last in Turkish. "The woman drinks water." must be translated as "Kadın su içer." There was a third spelling error since c and ç are also separate letters in Turkish and each letter has a separate sound.
Turkish does not use articles. On Duolingo, "bir" is used when they want you to put the indefinite article "a" for the subject, otherwise put "the". For a direct object, Turkish adds an Accusative suffix to the word only if it will need the definite article "the", otherwise use the indefinite form.