Why doesn't ben come first?
In this instance, emphasis is on "ben", it is me eating the sugar, not him kind of thing.
So you mean that if I say "Şekeri ben yerim" the emphasis is in who eats the sugar (I, in this case); and if I say "Ben Şekeri yerim" I am emphasizing on "the sugar"?
"Ben şekeri yerim." is the standard way to order a sentence (SOV). It does put emphasis on the object, but not a very strong one as it is the standard way to go.
What if you didn't want to emphasise anything, i.e., if you want to form a neutral sentence? Could you just say "Şekeri yerim."?
Yes you can u don't have to use ben as long as there is 'im' after the verb no problem
The standard way to order a sentence is (SOV). Therefore "Şekeri yerim." does not put an 'extra' emphasis on the object "şekeri".
OK! Thanks for your response!
But this sentence is being translated into Turkish from English, so really it could be translated correctly either way, yes?
This sentence is used with a variety of exercises. But for the exercise that you describe: yes, it can be translated either way.
when I put after object i or ı ??
Check out the grammar explanation "Accusative Case and 4-Way Vowel Harmony".
Is it commonplace to drop the subject when the verb determines who is doing the action? Such as eti yerim?
It is very, very common to drop it. :)
Why "şekeri yerim" is wrong ?
It isn't wrong and is accepted as correct.
"Şekeri ben yerim." -> It' you, Yoda?
wait how is it (seker ben yerim) i know that you must put the (ben) at first or forget it how does this work can someone explain please?
why Şekerı as opposed to şeker?
"the sugar" is a specific direct object, which requires the accusastive case "Şekerı"
"Şeker" is in the nominative case which is for general direct objects or the subject. :)
Does the ACC of Shekeri influence the word order? Maybe it's o.k. to use both word orders?
Some sentences (Sub. + şekeri (Obj.) + V.)
This one (Şeker (Obj.) + Sub. + V.)