https://www.duolingo.com/araparseghian

US Mac users: Keystroke combinations for special characters that will make your life a lot easier!

araparseghian
  • 22
  • 22
  • 21
  • 18
  • 17
  • 15
  • 14
  • 13
  • 12
  • 12
  • 11
  • 11
  • 10
  • 7
  • 7
  • 7
  • 7
  • 7
  • 5
  • 4
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2

From the standard US keyboard:

à/è/ì/ò/ù: Option + `, release and press a/e/i/o/u
á/é/í/ó/ú: Option + E, release and press a/e/i/o/u
ä/ë/ï/ö/ü: Option + U, release and press a/e/i/o/u
â/ê/î/ô/û: Option + I, release and press a/e/i/o/u
ñ/ã/õ: Option + N, release and press n/a/o
œ: Option + Q
æ: Option + ' (apostrophe)
ø: Option + O
å: Option + A
ß: Option + S
ç: Option + C

For capital letters, just use the shift key as normal.

Since this doesn't cover every character, I like to use the US extended keyboard. To toggle this, go to System Preferences > Language & Text > Input Sources and check "U.S. Extended".

To type special characters on the US extended keyboard:

Acute accent (´), grave accent (`), umlaut (¨), tilde (˜), œ, æ, ø, and ß are typed the same way.
â/ê/î/ô/û: Option + 6, release and press a/e/i/o/u
å: Option + K, release and press a
ç/ş: Option + C, release and press c/s
ğ: Option + B, release and press g
ı/İ: Option + W, release and press i/I

And if I've missed any characters, please let me know.

3 years ago

12 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/m.tastic
m.tastic
  • 25
  • 13
  • 11
  • 11
  • 8
  • 6
  • 5
  • 5
  • 2

ı is Option + W, release and press i. İ is Option + W, release and press Shift + i.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/scilling
scilling
  • 25
  • 1567

To support other languages (in addition to the characters above) via the U.S. Extended input source in OS X:


For Asturian:

  • ḥ/ḷ: Option + x, release and press h/l

For Azerbaijani:

  • ǝ: Option + :, release and press e

For Catalan:

  • ·: Option + (

(This is used in the “l·l” sequence, e.g. cel·la.)


For Croatian:

  • č/š/ž: Option + v, release and press c/s/z
  • đ: Option + l, release and press d

For Czech:

  • č/ď/ě/ň/ř/š/ť/ž: Option + v, release and press c/d/e/n/r/s/t/z
  • ů: Option + k, release and press u
  • ý: Option + e, release and press y

(The diacritic on ď/ť has a different appearance than on č/ě/ň/ř/š/ž, but it’s nonetheless the same diacritic.)


For Esperanto:

  • ĉ/ĝ/ĥ/ĵ/ŝ: Option + 6, release and press c/g/h/j/s
  • ŭ: Option + b, release and press u

For Estonian:

  • š/ž: Option + v, release and press s/z

(These are used for loanwords.)


For Faroese:

  • ð: Option + d
  • ý: Option + e, release and press y

For Finnish:

  • š/ž: Option + v, release and press s/z

(These are used for loanwords.)


For French:

  • ÿ: Option + u, release and press y

For Scottish Gaelic (old orthography):

  • ḃ/ċ/ḋ/ḟ/ġ/ṗ/ṡ/ṫ: Option + w, release and press b/c/d/f/g/p/s/t

For Guarani:

  • ẽ/ĩ/ũ/ỹ: Option + n, release and press e/i/u/y
  • g̃: press g, then press Option + N

For Hausa:

  • ɓ/ɗ/ƙ/ƴ: Option + >, release and press b/d/k/y

(The letter ƴ is used for Hausa only in Niger.)


For Hungarian:

  • ő/ű: Option + j, release and press o/u

For Icelandic:

  • ð: Option + d
  • ý: Option + e, release and press y
  • þ: Option + t

For Irish (old orthography):

  • ḃ/ċ/ḋ/ḟ/ġ/ṁ/ṗ/ṡ/ṫ: Option + w, release and press b/c/d/f/g/m/p/s/t
  • ⁊: Option + :, release and press 7

For Kashubian:

  • ą: Option + m, release and press a
  • ł: Option + l, release and press l
  • ń: Option + e, release and press n
  • ż: Option + w, release and press z

For Latvian:

  • ā/ē/ī/ū: Option + a, release and press a/e/i/u
  • č/š/ž: Option + v, release and press c/s/z
  • ģ/ķ/ļ/ņ: Option + c, release and press g/k/l/n

For Lithuanian:

  • ą/ę/į/ų: Option + m, release and press a/e/i/u
  • č/š/ž: Option + v, release and press c/s/z
  • ė: Option + w, release and press e
  • ū: Option + a, release and press u

For Malagasy:

  • n̈: press n, then press Option + U

For Maltese:

  • ċ/ġ/ż: Option + w, release and press c/g/z
  • ħ: Option + l, release and press h

For Maori:

  • ā/ē/ī/ō/ū: Option + a, release and press a/e/i/o/u

For Occitan:

  • ·: Option + (

(This is used to distinguish “n·h” and “s·h” from the “nh” and “sh” digraphs respectively.)


For Polish:

  • ą/ę: Option + m, release and press a/e
  • ć/ń/ś/ź: Option + e, release and press c/n/s/z
  • ł: Option + l, release and press l
  • ż: Option + w, release and press z

For Quechua:

  • č/š/ž: Option + v, release and press c/s/z
  • ĉ: Option + 6, release and press c

(These are only needed for phonetic transcription.)


For Romanian:

  • ă: Option + b, release and press a
  • ș/ț: Option + p, release and press s/t

For Sami languages:

  • č/ǧ/ǩ/š/ž: Option + v, release and press c/g/k/s/z (Inari, Northern, Skolt)
  • ʒ: Option + :, release and press z (Skolt)
  • ǯ: Option + v, release and press x (Skolt)
  • đ/ǥ/ŧ: Option + l, release and press d/g/t (Inari, Northern, Skolt)
  • ń: Option + e, release and press n (Lule)
  • ŋ: Option + :, release and press n (Northern, Skolt)

(Skolt Sami requires another character that isn’t available through the U.S. Extended input source.)


For Slovak:

  • č/ď/ľ/ň/š/ť/ž: Option + v, release and press c/d/l/n/s/t/z
  • ĺ/ŕ/ý: Option + e, release and press l/r/y

(The diacritic on ď/ľ/ť has a different appearance than on č/ň/š/ž, but it’s nonetheless the same diacritic.)


For Slovene:

  • č/š/ž: Option + v, release and press c/s/z

For Sorbian:

  • č/ě/ř/š/ž: Option + v, release and press c/e/r/s/z
  • ć/ń/ŕ/ś/ź: Option + e, release and press c/n/r/s/z
  • ł: Option + l, release and press l

For Turkmen:

  • ž/ň: Option + v, release and press z/n
  • ý: Option + e, release and press y

For Vietnamese:

  • ă: Option + b, release and press a
  • â/ê/ô: press a/e/o, then press Option + ^
  • đ: Option + l, release and press d
  • ơ/ư: Option + i, release and press o/u

(The alternate method of typing circumflexes usually renders better with tone marks.)

For Vietnamese letters with tone marks:

  • à/ằ/ầ/è/ề/ì/ò/ồ/ờ/ù/ừ/ỳ: after typing letter, press Option + ~
  • ả/ẳ/ẩ/ẻ/ể/ỉ/ỏ/ổ/ở/ủ/ử/ỷ: after typing letter, press Option + Z
  • ã/ẵ/ẫ/ẽ/ễ/ĩ/õ/ỗ/ỡ/ũ/ữ/ỹ: after typing letter, press Option + N
  • á/ắ/ấ/é/ế/í/ố/ố/ớ/ú/ứ/ý: after typing letter, press Option + E
  • ạ/ặ/ậ/ẹ/ệ/ị/ọ/ộ/ợ/ụ/ự/ỵ: after typing letter, press Option + X

(The hook tone isn’t rendered nicely above for the hornless letters.)


For Welsh:

  • ẁ/ỳ: Option + `, release and press w/y
  • ẃ/ý: Option + e, release and press w/y
  • ẅ/ÿ: Option + u, release and press w/y
  • ŵ/ŷ: Option + 6, release and press w/y
3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/OwenH_zhanghao1

Why not just add the Vietnamese keyboard from system preferences?

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/OwenH_zhanghao1

System preferences > keyboard > input source > + > vietnamese

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/scilling
scilling
  • 25
  • 1567

This thread’s focus is on the U.S. Extended input source. If you examine the comment above carefully, you’ll find that more languages than Vietnamese are discussed.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Tarjava

Thanks for this scilling (I came from a link you offered in another Discussion).

Note: in OS X 10.11 the U.S. extended keyboard is now called ABC Extended

For Irish learners, one can switch to the Irish input, and type the accented letters directly with

Option + vowel (a,e,i,u,o) (use shift key as well to make accented capital letters)

However, I have not figured out how to type ⁊ and ḃ,ċ,ḋ,ḟ,ġ,ṁ,ṗ,ṡ,ṫ in Irish input mode (but since they are not used on duolingo, I find it a tad faster to directly type accented letters with the option key).

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/scilling
scilling
  • 25
  • 1567

They’re not available in the Irish input source, but most of them are available in the Irish Extended input source. If there’s still an Irish Extended input source in OS X 10.11, one can follow the “Irish (old orthography)” steps above for the lenited consonants with it; for some reason, the Tironian et wasn’t included in the Irish Extended input source, at least in OS X 10.9. If the ABC Extended input source is a replacement for both the U.S. Extended and the Irish Extended input sources, then I’d hope that the Tironian et is still typeable in the same way as it was in the U.S. Extended input source. (Note that most typefaces don’t come with a Tironian et character, so make sure that your test typeface comes with that character.)

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Tarjava

Irish Extended is still available in 10.11. I've juste tested it, and the lenited consonant work (I missed the Irish Extended input completely before - it's now been replaced).

However, ⁊ remains unavailable and does not work in Irish Extended with the above option. It works as usual in ABC Extended.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/scilling
scilling
  • 25
  • 1567

If you like Irish Extended and would like to be able type a Tironian et from it, you could use a tool like Ukelele to make a copy of its key layout, add the Tironian et to it in the same location as it has in ABC Extended, and put the modified key layout into your account’s “~/Library/Keyboard Layouts” folder, so that (after logging out and logging in again) the modified key layout would be used rather than the (untouched) original key layout.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Tarjava

This sounds like a plan, the dead key creator/mapping of Ukelele sounds especially useful. I had not heard of this app, so thanks for mentioning it.

I'm used to dead keys performed in 2 steps (dead key, and then the letter, because of French), and the Canadian multilingual keyboard on Windows is the most efficient one for these. On Mac, typing two keys at once to activate very common characters and accented letters is a little more tedious imo, but I am willing to give it a shot to see if I can get used to it.

On Ukelele, I'd be one to map Option+7 for Tyronian et in fact, instead of Option+Shift+; and then 7.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/susannahfaithc

Thanks!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Jeffrey855877
Jeffrey855877
  • 25
  • 25
  • 25
  • 18
  • 6
  • 858

Cool. My wife uses a Mac Book and just started Duo, so this will be really handy

1 year ago
Learn a language in just 5 minutes a day. For free.