Can "I eat" be translated like "yerim"? (Like "I drink" is translated "içerim")
Why does yemek -> ye, become yer + im or sin etc? Where does the r come from? Same for iç I suppose, now it is içer + im or sin.
-r is the aorist tense suffix- it is taught in detail in the aorist tense skill. for the first skills we only teach eat and drink
Ok, so if I wanted to say "I do not eat animals" would "Ben hayvanlar yer değilim" be correct?
Yes the writing could be used for both meanings but the pronunciation is different. when you say "I eat" the stress on alphabet "y" is more than when you want to say "I am the ground".
pronunciation is not perfect but it is OK. I hear "ben yerim". and anyway we cannot change it
Here is another site that has pronunciation by native speakers: http://www.forvo.com/search-tr/ben%20yerim%20ben%20i%c3%a7erim/
So is it just as correct to say "yerim" as to say "ben yerim"? Would one be used in more formal conversations?
In Turkish, personal pronouns can may turn out, because there are shapes for suffix of personal pronouns. For example: I eat - Ben yer + im = yerim You eat - Sen yer + sin = yersin etc.
nothing about being formal or informal, you use the pronouns only if you want to emphasize them
Am I crazy that the "i" in "yerim" sounds more like /e/ than /i/? It makes sense with the vowel harmony, but I've also been told that written Turkish is very phonetic... So I'm not quite sure what to make of that. Or, is this a case of vowel reduction?
You are not crazy. However, the pronunciation of the TTS is not perfect. Also when people speak quickly, I wonder if it sounds slightly different. The language is phonetic. Once you learn the Turkish sounds for each letter, they will be used every time you see that letter. Are you thinking of the English sounds for those letters. https://www.duolingo.com/comment/7702767 http://www.forvo.com/search-tr/ben%20yerim%20ben%20i%c3%a7erim/
I too am waiting to hear if vowel reduction is involved?
What are the subject conjugation for eat? I eat you eat He/she/it eats we eat you eat they eat?