I'm sure this could come up in negation but, since it will be a while before I get there...is there not simply a suffix for negation that you can use in nominal sentences like this? What I mean is, I know in the lessons up to this point there was a suffix you could add to "to know" to negate it, I assume you can't put that same suffix on an adjective?
Or to paraphrase my Lonely Planet phrasebook, "For the negative of “be”, the adjective or noun (predicate) remains unchanged, and the same endings as above are added to the form “değil”."
This should be added to the "Tips and Notes" for this skill. And someone needs to explain what "∅" means, and that "I" apparently means a vowel following 4-way harmony".
Where is the "to be" lesson?
I looked in Tips & Notes for the "to be" section (this section), but I didn't find anything about değil in it. Or are you just saying that we are learning it right now in this lesson, if we go far enough? (Sorry if I misunderstood... I'm just wondering if you're referring to a different webpage or something, where I can learn about değil)
No, it does not specify for değil, but look at the endings given to nouns or adjectives for each pronoun which replaces the "to be" conjugations. Apparently, these endings are also given to değil when it comes after a noun or adjective instead of giving the ending to the noun or adjective.
mutlu:happy ,mutsuz:unhappy ,üzgün:sad . ...-li gives the meaning of having something ...-siz gives the meaning of not having something There may be different structures but mostly you can use it
şekerli: containing sugar,şekersiz:not containing sugar renkli:colorful ,renksiz: colorless
However it can give different meanings:
evli:married , parasız:one who doesn't have money, free or without getting money , evsiz:homeless , köylü:someone who lives in village , sevgili:lover
Mutlu değil = Not happy, in the sense of not happy today, not happy about a certain action...etc. Mutsuz = Unhappy, as an inherent quality, e.g. Peter is an unhappy person (i.e. it is his nature to be unhappy)...etc. I'm not a native thought and this is what I learnt from the course, corrections are welcome :)
Good morning, I am still confused concerning the difference between: "Yok", "Degil" and "Istemiyor"
Is it correct to say that: "Yok" has to do with possession or ownership, e.g. "I do not have...; "Degil" has to do with feelings, e.g. "I am not happy "and "Istemiyor" has to do with want or desire, e,.g. "She does not want a dog." Thank you kindly. Carroll.