Yes, you got it. However it doesn't really work in the "did you drink the tea?" question because the answer to that would not be "evet, çayı/yes, the tea". You're thinking in English. :) An example I can think of is "Neyi içtin, çayı mı?/What did you drink, the tea?" "Evet, çayı/Yes, the tea."
That's fair. I didn't dare try to actually put the question in Turkish, haven't gotten that far :). Our two example sentences, though, would accomplish the same thing in English (for my purposes), that is, the point is that in both mine and yours "the tea" is in an accusative position. Thanks for the info :-P
Yes, you were correct in your example in that they're both accusative in English. I meant that the reply to the question you formed in English would not have the answer above in Turkish. The answer of "Did you drink the tea?" would be "Yes, I did" rather than "Yes, the tea" (imagine all this in Turkish.) :)
"bira istiyorum, lütfen" is really fine and polite.
Just in case some other options you can use:
"Bir bira, lütfen" - "one beer, please" "Bir 50'lik bira, lütfen" ("50'lik" is as you can guess 50cl) "Bir 33'lük bira, lütfen"
33: otuz üç 33'lük: otuz üçlük 50: elli 50'lik: ellilik 70: yetmiş 70'lik: yetmişlik
you can put "alabilir miyim?" instead of "lütfen" which is practically the same. It means "can I take". "Bir bira, alabilir miyim?"
Of course they might ask for the brand. In that case you can say Efes, Tuborg, Bomonti... some Turkish beers or depending on the place you can find Heineken etc.
You can say "50'lik Efes, alabilir miyim?" waiter might ask: "fıçı mı, şişe mi?" meaning "draught or bottle?" You can just reply with "fıçı" or "şişe".
I think you are good to go :)
There isn't a letter corresponding to that voice in the word and you wouldn't find any symbol between d and r when you look at an English dictionary for the pronunciation of the word. But there is another voice between them and that is what makes it possible to read consonants, they are not something like affricates after all.
In fact same goes for many words: smile, cry, plumb etc. I don't claim they are the same vowel but there are vowels between s and m, k and r, p and l.