"Turtles are not calm."
Translation:Kaplumbağalar sakin değil.
We can add it - if we were very strict we wouldn't, there is a rule, if the subject in 3rd person plural is not human, the verb is singular (something you learn at school and a killer in exams). But nobody cares about it eventually
Many people don't really understand the grammar of their language/can't explain it to others. They just speak without thinking
Yep. It is also true. Thanks for correcting me. But she's different. She has learn it very well. Even I can't really explain the grammar of my language. Because in my country, sometimes the syllabus doesn't explain something very well. I've realized it after I learn Turkish because my language is also agglunative but not as much as Turkish. But I think I shouldn't blame school 100%. Now, I'm in search for the explanation that I didn't know.
'Sakin' seems to not follow the rules of vowel harmony, but I am probably wrong.
I'd like to know whether the adjective is subjected to agreement with the subject for negative statements as well as the "negative particle" değil. This sentence has a 3rd person subject so I cannot tell if the adjective has been transformed or not (since -dIr is optional for 3rd persons, correct?)
This (adjective-subject agreement) is the case in affirmative statements. Example:
Ben mutluyum. (I'm happy). [The adjective agrees with the subject]
So, which of the following are correct for a negative statement?
(a) Ben mutluyum değilim.
(b) Ben mutlu değilim.
(c) Ben mutluyum değil.
Merhaba, mhaaz! (b) is correct. In the negative present tense, the subject ending is added only to the word "değil".
Ben mutluyum: I am happy
Ben mutlu değilim: I am not happy.
But if asking a question, the ending is added to the question word:
Ben mutlu muyum?: Am I happy? ("mu" has vowel harmony with "mutlu" and takes the ending (y)um to agree with "Ben".)
Ben mutlu değil miyim? Am I not happy? ("mi" has vowel harmony with "değil" and takes the ending (y)im to agree with "Ben".)
sl1m1t, i find the explaination in my Türkish dictionnary. Adjective: "Sakin" = calm, peaceful, quiet... Verb: "Sakin" (pointless i) = verb sakinmak = "to distrut, to be careful about, to avoid, to refrain from....i am not english native.....so you have to check.
Farrihy, about "sakin", i think it's not a question of to follow or not follow vowel harmony. "Sakin", ajective and "degil", negation element "not", third person plural, have no suffix. It will be the same for third person singular. The same for verbs: for example: "kaplumbagalar yer": "the turttles eat".
It's just a question of vocabulary! I discover that's following in my dictionary French-Türkish. Adjective: "Sakin" = calm, peaceful, quiet..."sakin ol"= "be calm". Verb: "Sakin" (pointless i) = verb sakinmak = "to distrut, to be careful about, to avoid, to refrain from....i am not english native.....so you have to check.
Ok WTF is Toslumbagalar in regards to a turtle. I thought it was kaplumbaga or has someone moved the goalposts on my app?