What time is it?
ikiye on var
it is ten to two
ikiyi on geçiyor
it is ten past two
2-Saat kaçta? (NOT kaç, it is kaçta)
At what time?
ikiye on kala (instead of var)
it is at ten to two.
ikiyi on geç (instead of geçiyor)
it is at ten past two
I wish that was helpful.
tips and notes are always in the skill under the list of lessons
Not really. I, personally never say it like that and never heard anyone say that. Because if you say it like that (in Turkish, not in English), people can't understand if it is ten past twenty or twenty to ten. So it's always "Onu yirmi geçiyor." You need to use 'geçiyor' or 'kala' in the sentence. Hope this helps you understand a bit.
the "at" or "to" comes from the suffixes -ye -yi then kal'-a'
better explanations are listed above, as well as the link for tips. (i too have difficulty finding these tools from my mobile)
the language uses a root word + suffix as its basis. i hope you find the explanations helpful (I'm basically trying to ping you so you can read the proper explanations!) :)
gekkolies, i found Ali Yilmaz videos about time, in Turkish, sometimes sub-tittled in Turkish. One is about "saat kaçta?"="at what time?", here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TTw8AtKoeKY. A live course. He speaks slowly, is a goog pedagogue, full of enthusiasm and energy. Try it! There are a lot videos about other topics. Enjoy it!