Thank you so much for introducing it, very helpful. I thought this was only happen in Chinese. Is the differentiation strict? I imagine there might be a most general one word(Kartoffel? Blue dot dominates...) for potatoes in all Germany, which we say it in any dialect region, they would know that it is potatoes we talk about...
To: TrioLinguist From: Anonymous (And yes, I know you can see my name in the profile) Thank you so,so,so much for posting this! I had NO IDEA this even existed! That is very interesting! I really would like to see charts like the again! (Please,please, please??????????)It just depends on the word I guess. Please respond back because this took some time to type on a touchscreen.
Because that's the way it is. The singular sie means she while they plural means they or formal you. The she one can be distinguished from the they/you ones by its conjugation:
- Sie isst mit Messer und Gabel - she eats with a knife and fork
- Sie essen mit Messer und Gabel - they eat with a knife and fork
The formal you meaning cannot be distinguished from they by conjugation – it is only shown by its capitalization. This means that in the written language, one can't distinguish them at the beginning of a sentence where all words get capitalized; and also, of course, it isn't distinguishable at all in speech – you'll need to rely on context.
As a personal pronoun (I, me, you, etc.), it's either plural you (y'all), in the base nominative form, or the dative form of singular sie.
- ihr seid unsere Freunde - y'all are our friends
- ich gebe ihr das Buch - I give her the book
It can also be used as a possessive pronoun; ihr Kleid could mean her dress or their dress, and Ihr Kleid (capitalized) is a formal way to say your dress.
Give it a thorough read :)
Create a silly mnemonic. After a while getting it right your brain will automatically get rid of these 'crutches'. It must be funny or at least silly enough for you to remember everytime you try and write that word. Mine is "Double ❤❤❤❤, one Tit." Because I always double the T and a single F. I think you get it. Whatever helps with your difficulty with whatever word you find. I was also "stück" with Frühstück.
I beg to disagree.
Both sentences sound natural to me and mean different things.
The version without the article is perhaps most common when speaking about what they are good for -- do an Internet search for "Kartoffeln sind gut für" and you will find lots of hits for pages telling you or asking about whether potatoes are good for this or that.