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Notice how in English 'drink' changes to 'drinks' when the 3rd person singular is used: I drink, he drinks. This phenomenon also happens in Spanish, but at an extreme level: each person has its own particular conjugation in every tense! Here you have the full conjugation of simple present tense for all persons:
- Yo bebo
- Tú bebes
- Él/Ella/Ello/Usted bebe
- Nosotros bebemos
- Vosotros bebéis
- Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes beben
the rules for accenting words if you know the spelling and the stressed syllable are really simple. Let me show you:
words with 1 syllable: no accent by default except those which are different words and need to be separated by spelling. Note the pronuntiation is unchanged, though. Example: tú (2nd person singular pronoun) and tu (possessive determiner 2nd person singular). Note that pronouns have preference in accent over other particles (él [he] el [the])
words with stress in last syllable: take accent if the word ends in vowel, -n or -s. Example: adiós, canción, sofá
words with stress in second syllable (from the end): take accent if the word does not end in vowel, -n nor -s. Example: láser
words with stress in third or higher syllable (from the end): take accent always.
Note that two vowels together can be in the same syllable or not. If they do, the accent goes on the strong vowel (a,o,u) Example: acción (ac - ción)
Among the exceptions to these general cases, we find those syllables that use accent to break syllables. Example: río (river, rí - o) otherwise, it would be 'rio' meaning 'he/she laughed'.
Finally, some words may have optional accents, and are only mandatory if they are pronouns and to avoid confusion:
- Me encontré a estos locos
- Me encontré a éstos locos
I think I don't leave anything behind^^
As you wish. Remember you asked for it ^^.
In Spanish you may find up to 3 kinds of phenomena (I'll use the Spanish names): diptongos, triptongos and hiatos.
Diptongo: two vowels in the same syllable. One of them is always a weak vowel (u, i) and the other one a different vowel of any kind. There are no less than 14 possible combinations in Spanish: ai (bailar), au (raudo), ei (peine), eu (Europa), oi (sois), ou (souvenir), ia (magia), ie (siempre), io (vicio), iu (ciudad), ua (cuando), ue (cuento), ui (ruido), uo (antiguo). The local stress always goes on the strong vowel for those cases with mixed types present. Otherwise, the diptongo splits in two syllables and the weak vowel takes an accent (vacío, capicúa). If no strong vowels are present (ui, iu), and the rules state the syllable must take accent, it always goes on the last vowel (cuídese).
Triptongo: 3 vowels in the same syllable. Always made up of one strong vowel flanked by 2 weak vowels. Typical in some verb conjugations. The accent can only go on the strong vowel (desviáis, asociéis, averigüéis).
Hiato: when 2 vowels are together but in different syllables. Apart from the broken diptongos (as previously stated), where the weak vowel takes a mandatory accent, they may also be made up of 2 strong vowels, following the standard rules of accentuation (peón, poeta, teatro).
May be I am forgetting something, but I really tried to be thorough, hope you got something from this!!