Translation:Türkçe ve İngilizce biliyorum.

3 years ago



What's the difference between using 'c' with a cedilla or 'c' without for the different languages' endings?

3 years ago

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C follows a vowel or a soft sound like m n l z r

Ç follows a harder or aspirated sounds like k p ş ç t

Somewhere there is the entire list of letters, but for now hopefully this gives you an idea.

3 years ago


Two different sounds. "c" is a voiced sound like the "j" in jury or jacket. "ç" is LIKE that sound in terms of what your mouth is doing but voiceless, without your vocal cords moving -- it sounds like "ch" as in church or child.

So, -CA is an adverb suffix that means "in this way." It's used to form languages from ethnicities (and other things). (Türk + -CA=Türk-çe)

The C becomes "ç" if there is a voiceless consonant before it (ç/f/h/k/p/s/ş/t). The C becomes "c" if there is a voiced consonant or a vowel before it (b/c/d/g/j/l/m/n/r/v/y/z/aeiıoöuü).

The A follows vowel harmony, so it the previous vowel is a back vowel (aıou) it's "a", if it is a front vowel (eiöü) it is "e."


  • Türk-->Türkçe (k is voiceless, e is front=-çe) suffix sounds like "che" of English "check"

  • Arap-->Arapça (p is voiceless, a is back=-ça) suffix sounds like "cha" of English "chalk"

  • İngiliz-->İngilizce (z is voiced, i is front=-ce) suffix sounds like English "jay" (but shorter)

  • Japon-->Japonca (n is voiced, o is back=-ca) suffix sounds like English "jaw" (but shorter)

3 years ago


Thank you both :)

3 years ago
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