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https://www.duolingo.com/AlexinNotTurkey

[Grammar] Accusative Case

AlexinNotTurkey
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Welcome to your second of the 7 cases in Turkish. You have already been using the nominative case to describe subjects and some objects.

The accusative case in Turkish is used to mark specific direct objects. What does this mean exactly? A specific direct object is one that uses the article the. For example:

As you can see above, the accusative is only used when referring to the newspaper. General direct objects do not take the accusative or the plural suffix. Adding these to general direct objects in Turkish is simply not correct.

The accusative case is never used on subjects in Turkish. Do not translate every specific noun phrase with the accusative case. There is no way to distinguish between "a cat" and "the cat" when the subject of the sentence by using the accusative case. Only when they are direct objects is this possible.

3 years ago

18 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Ektoraskan

One easy way to remember which letters change is learning the word "ketçap". It means "ketchup" and it's a useful word too! The consonants of "Ketçap" are K T Ç P. They become voiced and turn into Ğ (or sometimes G) D C B.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/sepetdalv
sepetdalv
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I think this should be on sticky. Vowel Harmony in Turkish is so important and it should be learned at an early stage. Without knowing about vowel harmony, people would have no clue why it's benim, not benım, for example.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/AlexinNotTurkey
AlexinNotTurkey
Mod
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We don't want to crowd up everyone's discussion feed with lots of stickies. :) It is in a (hopefully) easy enough place!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/tu.8zPhLD72zzoZN
tu.8zPhLD72zzoZN
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Many languages have a Page that is stickied that simply provides links to all the individual grammar pages, so this page is accessed through the Turkish Grammar Portal. It would be nice though to have a link back to the main page. So here that is: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/7738932

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/UmarHussai3

Thanks for this!!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/GordonRobb

Quick question, I get (mostly) when it should be used, but should it be used in conguntion with That. For example would 'that book' be su kitabi (with the right letters)?

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/mizinamo
mizinamo
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Only if it's in the accusative because it's a direct object.

Şu kitabı okuyorum - I read that book.

but: Şu kitap kırmızı - that book is red. "The book" is the subject here, so the accusative case is inappropriate.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/besherat
besherat
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This is a very useful explanation.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/yasmineyusuf

What if the direct object is plural? "The newspapers", for example?

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/mizinamo
mizinamo
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Then you use both plural and accusative suffixes: Gazeteleri okuyor. "He is reading the newspapers."

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/RolffSVill
RolffSVill
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I have a question! When do you use i and ı for marking the accusative case? Like in the words yağı and şekeri. What's the difference between both of them?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/mizinamo
mizinamo
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Vowel harmony: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/9041808

It can also be -u or -ü -- the accusative case uses 4-way vowel harmony.

(There is also 2-way vowel harmony, e.g. in the plural endings -lar/-ler.)

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Rimas.jana
Rimas.jana
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it would be simpler if learners listen to Turkish so much to automatically understand the 7 cases

11 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/AshishIyer1

Do you suggest any videos that involve conversations? Any link?

8 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/nico_lrx

Thank you for this!

11 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/chimak
chimak
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still helpful

10 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/FaizRahmad

so gazeteyi means the newspaper as in atabic we add al so its become the...

6 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Aliceturn7
Aliceturn7
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A good explanation - thank you - its a little like Greek with the various cases

2 years ago