https://www.duolingo.com/AlexinNotTurkey

[Grammar] Articles

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There are no articles in Turkish! The number one (bir) is sometimes used to distinguish between the/a(n). However, if a noun is in the subject position, there is no way to tell! Cool, right? This being said, if the noun is in the object position, Turkish does distinguish between the/a(n). You will learn more about this in the Accusative Case.

Additionally, if there is an adjective preceding the noun, "bir" is no longer optional. For example:

"Mavi kedi" -- "The blue cat"

"Mavi bir bedi" -- "A blue cat"

3 years ago

13 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/bendjabwar

thank you so much

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/johninhoxton

This seems not right somehow. ? If you can say or write in Turkish " the cat "or "a cat "etc then there are at least the Turkish equivalents for an English article. I think you just do not say "the cat" etc in Turkish. so that written Turkish is not peppered with the word "the" , BUT IT IS THERE IN THE SUFFIXES. Please correct me if I am wrong.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/AlexinNotTurkey
Mod
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In the subject position, there is no way to tell. In some circumstances (namely if an adjective is used) you may have to use bir to distinguish between specific and general.

"Kedi et yer" can either be "The cat eats meat" or "A cat eats meat." There is no difference in these sentences in Turkish.

You can when it is a direct object, but even then, it isn't really an article. It is a case that has a few functions.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Mystery_o.O

I'm a little confused, I'm a native Turkish and I feel like "o" as in "o kedi" (which is "that" as in "that cat") is used to express "the"? Not the filler "the", but when it is really needed to get understood. Don't take this as "100% true because it's from a native", I'm just confused ^^.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/tu.8zPhLD72zzoZN
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You have a good point. There are other definite words besides "the", namely the demonstrative adjectives. "That" or "this" would be excellent options to show something is definite. "O" as in "o kedi" should be translated as "that cat" though, because it is more specific. http://www.turkishlanguage.co.uk/demonstrative.htm

There are also indefinite articles such as "a", the already mentioned "bir", and for plural "some", "birkaƧ", for which Turkish also has negative forms: http://www.turkishlanguage.co.uk/defarts.htm

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/johninhoxton

Thank you, will be a long time for an old english speaker to fully grasp that. !!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/yllkagervalla

why do we say eti in some sentences why not just et (meat)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/tu.8zPhLD72zzoZN
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That definite suffix is only added to a direct object which happens to be definite and this is called Accusative. Again, the Accusative suffix is not used for an indefinite direct object. The Accusative suffix may not be used for any other nouns unless used as a definite direct object, never on the subject! So, you can tell "the meat" apart from "meat" by suffix in the direct object position only. https://www.duolingo.com/comment/7738396 Accusative

https://www.duolingo.com/comment/7738932 Grammar Portal

Oh, and please delete your second question which is simply a repeat of this one.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ExaM6

why did you write kedi as bedi?

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MeteUlku
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"bedi" is typo, "kedi" is the correct one :)

2 years ago
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