I try to understand how possessive and genitive cases work in turkish; its rather complex for me, as French. After looking for explanations in several french, english, turkish grammar, do i have understood? I think "onun" is [O] (the possessor)= he+ [n] the buffer (between two vowels)+ [un] suffix of genitive case, third person singular. Concerning "tuzu"": "tuz"="the salt" is the possessed object. The suffix "u" is the possissive case ending, following the rule of vowel harmony. Is it rigth?
Sam, DL says your answer is wrong because you employ "she". The rigth answer is: "he has salt" = "onun tuzu var". Or perhpas because you employ "the" in "she has the salt" instead of "he has salt". "Tuzu" is not direct object here but a subject: in Turkish language "he has salt" means "his salt exists", so salt=subject. Don't you read some post about that topics? "Tuzu" possessive case is similar to accusative case "tuzu". Have a look here: turkishexplained.com, possessive case, that's rather complete with examples and rules.
Graciella, please, read the comment of AlexiNotTurky on top. "Onun tuzu var"= "his salt exists", "onun"="his"="o"+"n" buffer+ "un" the genitive suffix of ownership (possession), "tuzu"="salt" is "tuz" with the possessive suffix "u" as the possessed object. For "he has the salt" read the very clear AlexiNotTurkey's answer.
I am completely lost right now with possession. Also I do not understand how it's not He has the salt. I've never been so confused with language learning and the tips for this lesson just confuse me even more.
If it's He has salt, and for 3rd person sing possessive suffix it's -(s)I then why is it not Onun tuzI var? Or has the I in -(s)I (and others) meant something else this whole time and is not in fact a letter but standing in for something? I'm confused and have been going over so many notes for this.
MelindaQM, i think you are not confused with the possessive case, but with the wovel mutation, meaning, wovel harmony. For accusative and possessive cases, you have to employ the rule of 4 wovel harmony. When a word ends with "e and i" the suffix is "i". When a word ends with "ö and ü" the suffix is "ü". When a word ends with "o and u" the suffix is "u". When a word ends with " a and i pointless", the suffix is "i pointless". Here we have the word "tUz", last wovel is "U", so the possessive suffix is "U". Have a look to those three sites about this topic: https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/9041808, and two videos in English, very clear, my favorite: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_FFQQAB2ds4n (4 way wovel harmony) and https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vhfCuYtnR2I (2 way wovel harmony). Hope you can see them.