"Onun tuzu var."

Translation:He has salt.

March 25, 2015

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Could this also be translated to "he has THE salt"?


Nope, that would be "Tuz onda." :) If you possessive a specific object, you normally use the locative-possessive structure.


So why 'tuzu' ? Why this is not 'senin tuz var'


minajdm, please, read again "possessive" skill TIPS. Thanks


I try to understand how possessive and genitive cases work in turkish; its rather complex for me, as French. After looking for explanations in several french, english, turkish grammar, do i have understood? I think "onun" is [O] (the possessor)= he+ [n] the buffer (between two vowels)+ [un] suffix of genitive case, third person singular. Concerning "tuzu"": "tuz"="the salt" is the possessed object. The suffix "u" is the possissive case ending, following the rule of vowel harmony. Is it rigth?


Yes its correct .


je traduirais ONUN mot à mot par CHEZ LUI ... il y a


même construction en russe : у меня есть

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Michel, why not, but it's an interpretation. Because actually, we dont't know where the person is; perhaps out for a picnic!? The closest translation of "onun tuzu var" remains "he has salt". Ok?!


How can I understand when should I write it as "the salt" or "salt" just ?


Doesn't this mean he has THE salt? . I thought accusative of salt was tuzu.


his salt have. In Turkish, first you determine ownership and then possession. therefore, it is his salt in the first place and incidentally he happens to have it.


why isn't it on tuzu var?


Aside from the fact that that would mean he has ten packets of salt. :)

In Turkish the possessor AND the possession get case endings. Since "O" is the possessor, it becomes "onun" (his).


I thought tuzu was "the salt" . How would you say " He has the salt" ? Since "he has salt" is Onun tuzu var


Graciella, please, read the comment of AlexiNotTurky on top. "Onun tuzu var"= "his salt exists", "onun"="his"="o"+"n" buffer+ "un" the genitive suffix of ownership (possession), "tuzu"="salt" is "tuz" with the possessive suffix "u" as the possessed object. For "he has the salt" read the very clear AlexiNotTurkey's answer.


so tuzu can be accusative and possessive? possessive form tuzu is for onun


Felice, yes you are right: "onun tuzu"="his salt". Otherwise "Tuzu yer"= "he eats the salt".


isn't tuzu also means lamb? cant we say "he has a lamb".


why he has the salt is not a correct answer, since we have tuzu


Why Duolingo countef wrong when i write onun tuzu var she has the salt so why if sutu is an object and accusations (u) in sutu


Sam, DL says your answer is wrong because you employ "she". The rigth answer is: "he has salt" = "onun tuzu var". Or perhpas because you employ "the" in "she has the salt" instead of "he has salt". "Tuzu" is not direct object here but a subject: in Turkish language "he has salt" means "his salt exists", so salt=subject. Don't you read some post about that topics? "Tuzu" possessive case is similar to accusative case "tuzu". Have a look here: turkishexplained.com, possessive case, that's rather complete with examples and rules.


@Duolingo_Team. This application is great. And will become even great if we will have list of vocabulary learnt. That vocabulary list continues to build as we learn new words in this application.....

This will help us in vocabulary revision.


A an i kafanıza göre koyuyorsunuz


What does your comment means?


I am completely lost right now with possession. Also I do not understand how it's not He has the salt. I've never been so confused with language learning and the tips for this lesson just confuse me even more.

If it's He has salt, and for 3rd person sing possessive suffix it's -(s)I then why is it not Onun tuzI var? Or has the I in -(s)I (and others) meant something else this whole time and is not in fact a letter but standing in for something? I'm confused and have been going over so many notes for this.


MelindaQM, i think you are not confused with the possessive case, but with the wovel mutation, meaning, wovel harmony. For accusative and possessive cases, you have to employ the rule of 4 wovel harmony. When a word ends with "e and i" the suffix is "i". When a word ends with "ö and ü" the suffix is "ü". When a word ends with "o and u" the suffix is "u". When a word ends with " a and i pointless", the suffix is "i pointless". Here we have the word "tUz", last wovel is "U", so the possessive suffix is "U". Have a look to those three sites about this topic: https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/9041808, and two videos in English, very clear, my favorite: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_FFQQAB2ds4n (4 way wovel harmony) and https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vhfCuYtnR2I (2 way wovel harmony). Hope you can see them.


Good day Marianne,

It was a while I asked this question. As a mum, I am not available these days for studying... Hope I will find a time soon.

Kind regards,



Karima, take care of you all!


I thank you a lot Mariane.


So, it essentially means, "he has his salt", right?


indeed_danish, "onun tuzu var" "his salt exists". "Var" = "it exists".


Yeah, so it means it's his salt, right? It's definite? I mean it sounds so dumb but I can't help but asking it.


How would we say, "he has the newspaper"? And would it be different from "he has his newspaper"?


indeed_danish, "he has THE newspaper"= "gazete onda", a way to translate to have with THE, taught in locative skill. "He has his newspaper"="onun gazeteyi var"="his newspaper exists". Ok?!


Why onun tuzu var n not o tuzu var?


not O bcos the possessive form of O is ONUN..


Doesn't onun mean she or he?


FatimaFazal, have a look at Selcens table in Duolingo Turkish Grammar portal, here: https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/7736569.


Why the salt worng??????


shikoooliza, did you read the comments? AlexinNotTurkey answers your question in his comment above. Thanks.


I have a problem to complete Occupation. When I have to write sanatci, sarkici or asci they say it is no correct but repeat the word as I have written it. Something is going wrong I demanded it a hundred times but got no answer. Please do something because all my work would be spoiled. Thank you .


susanaserr, "sanatçı", not sanatci, " şarkıcı" , not "sarkici", "aşçı", not "asci". Do you have a Turkish keyboard?


Why he not she how do ı know

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