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Spanish -dad and -ion words

fionaclunanPlus
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As I've been working through my tree and immersion, I've seen that pretty much all of the words ending with -dad and -ion in Spanish are feminine. Is this a rule? Are all words with those endings feminine? Also, are there any rules regarding gender in Spanish that I may want to know?

3 years ago

10 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/LinZiyin
LinZiyin
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Yes, there is a rule in Spanish that words ending in -dad, -sión, -tión, and -ción are all feminine. However, words ending in -ma are masculine. Those are what I remember offhand. Of course, for every rule, there are exceptions, so you may find it more helpful to memorize the article along with new vocabulary words. Buena suerte con tus estudios :)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/writchie4
writchie4
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However, words ending in -ma are masculine.

Be careful with this, it only applies to words with Greek origins. Words that come from Latin (cama, pluma, forma), are feminine like you'd expect given their "-a" suffix.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/fionaclunan
fionaclunanPlus
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Thanks! I never realized the -ma rule, that was really helpful.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/LinZiyin
LinZiyin
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No problem!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Kelly173511

So el problema is men and la solución is women. ;)

1 month ago

https://www.duolingo.com/slogger
sloggerPlus
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The reason for this is that they come from Latin words that are feminine.. They came into use in English (from Latin, some of them via French) with the endings -ation and -ity.

If you know a word in Latin, you will probably know the word in Spanish, including for many words the gender.

Latin words in -atio (-ationis) are always feminine: natio - nación - nation. So are those in -as (-atis): qualitas (qualitatis) - calidad - quality.

I don't know enough Spanish to tell you any other such general rules, though.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/fionaclunan
fionaclunanPlus
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Wow, I'm in Latin III and I didn't even know -atio is feminine rule. Thanks.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/slogger
sloggerPlus
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You're welcome. As far as I know that rule is always true. Latin III? That is very cool. I hope you are enjoying it. The Latin teacher in my High School retired the year before I got there, and they did not replace her.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/superdaisy

Everyone has given some pretty good answers to your question, but for future reference this is a really great breakdown of gender patterns and the inevitable exceptions.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Luxerne
Luxerne
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Almost all words with those endings are feminine... I can't think of any examples for -dad but el avión (airplane) and el camión (truck) come to mind for -ión words...

3 years ago