"Sandwiches and apples"
Translation:Sandviçler ve elmalar
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The recordings here aren't great yet and native speakers will sometimes have more relaxed pronunciation, just like in English. That said, -ler should be pronounced like "lair" and -lar to rhyme with "car." (Although the r's are more of a flap than the English rhotic r, you'll still be understood if you don't make that distinction.)
"Sandwiches and apples" Translation: Sandviçler ve elmalar
The question in English is plural. When translating to Turkish you add the plural suffixes (-ler/-lar) Sandviçler ve elmalar.
Sandviç. Last vowel -i. Use -ler
Elma. Last vowel -a. Use -lar
Front vowels: (e, i, ö & ü) A front vowel can only be followed by a front vowel.
Back vowels: (a, ı, o & u) A back vowel can only be followed by a back vowel.
Ehqypa: No, they are not uncountable. You just never count a "general direct object", which is where I think your confusion might come from.
Have a look at the tips for the lesson food:
General Direct Objects
In Turkish, if you have a general direct object, there is no need to put any case or suffix on the object itself. A general direct object is one that uses “a/an” or the plural without “the.” If you want to be extra specific, you can add the numeral bir to make sure that the meaning “a/an” is given. For example: Turkish English O portakal yer. He/She/It eats oranges or He/She/It eats an orange. O bir portakal yer. He/She/It eats an orange.
Just keep in mind, "O portakallar yer" is simply wrong in Turkish.
How come these two don't follow the plural rule? Since the last vowel of "sandviç," "i," follows "a," shouldn't it be "sandviçlar" instead of "sandviçler?" My question is also the same for "elmalar," though I think because the last vowel comes after "a," it should be "elmaler."
I think I see your confusion. The only vowel you need to worry about is the very last vowel in the word. So the "a" in "sandvic" doesn't matter, only the final vowel in the word, which is "i". So the ending is ler. In elma, the e doesn't matter, only the final vowel, which is a, so you use lar.