Short answer: The rule about consonant mutation does not generally apply to single-syllable root words. For example: açız, eti, sütü, üçüncü, etc (= we are hungry, the meat, the milk, third, etc.)
But a small warning: You will encounter some exceptions, as well as words that may LOOK mutated but have a different meaning. For example: at→atımız (horse→our horse) vs. ad→adımız (name→our name)
Hope that helps :)
It was mentioned in the notes for the Accusatives lesson. There we saw these changes:
ekmek > ekmeği, kitap > kitabi...
K, t, ç, p ===> G/Ğ, d, ç, b. Çocuk => Çocuğu Saat => Saadır Ağaç => Ağacı Kitap => Kitabı It's the known as the (Ketchup) rule, in which you have to change these four letters to their correspondents if they were at the end of a word and a suffix (ekler) is added after them, regardless, of what was the purpose or kind of that suffix.
Only one thing to consider is that if the word ends with K it follows one of these two scenarios:
1- If the K is preceded by a consonant, it will become G like in (Renk) = color. Ben yeşil rengi seviyorum.
2- If the K is preceded by a vowel, it will become Ğ like in (Bebek) = baby. O sen bebeğin mi?
I'm not a Turkish language native speaker, so if there was anything wrong I hope someone corrects me.
I found a slideshare that very comprehensively breaks down some of the exceptions to the consonant harmony rules. You'll find an entire section called "Turkish Consonant Harmony Sequence" on slide 8. The exceptions to the rules are on slide 9. You'll find it in a slideshare titled, Linking Verbs in English & Turkish by Yüksel Göknel. I just stumbled upon it recently. Hope it helps.
This is gold, mate.. thanks a lot for sharing! It is rather complex explanation but definitely worth checking :)
It is no longer hosted on that website, but I managed to find it elsewhere, where it is available for download as pdf.
also check out the 'recommended' section on the right for lots more turkish grammar guides!
My attempt: Yaşlısınız ve açsınız. Hopefully someone can correct me if necessary.