"We do not have milk."
Translation:Bizim sütümüz yok.
To say "my, your, our, of you all"; for the first person (my/our), you add -im; and for the second person(your/of you all), you add -in.
Sütüm = my milk
Sütün = your milk
If it's plural, you add an additional "-iz" (which you then harmonize):
Sütümüz = our milk
Sütünüz = the milk of you all.
That would be: we are milks.
don't confuse the suffixes for the possession and the suffixes for the verb to be.
Sütüm - My milk
Sütün - your (thy) milk
Sütü - his/her/its milk
Sütümüz - our milk
Sütünüz - your milk
Sütleri - their milk
Sütüm - I am a milk.
Sütsün - You are a milk
Süt - S/he/it is a milk
Sütüz - We are milks
Sütsünüz - You are milks
Sütler - they are milks
actually for first person singular they are the same. "my purse" and "I am a purse" are both "cüzdanım"; you can of course say ben cüzdanım and benim cüzdanım to avoid confusion. But there is also a difference in the stress. in "my purse" the stress is in -dan cüzDANım, in "I am a purse" the stress is in -ım cüzdanIM
Hello Ektoraskan! May i complete your answer to RP1985 adding that the possessive suffix follows the vowel harmony rule?
First person singular: we add -i(dotless)m or -um for words whose last vowel is un-dotted: i(dotless), o, u, a.
Suffix is: -im and -üm for words whose last vowel is dotted: i, ü, ö and e.
That we add -y (consonant in turkish) when the word ends with a vowel.
And that possessive case follows consonant mutation rules?
So: ç> c, k> g( with comma above), t> d and p>b. Kitap > kitabim, ekmek> ekmegim, yengeç> yengecim, no word with "t, first person sigular.
Sorry, but I'd say the answer is because that's the way Turks say it. I wouldn't try to apply English grammar rules to Turkish. Think of it this way, though: "var" roughly means "there is" or "exists." So "Sutumuz var" means, roughly, "Our milk exists," which in normal English translates to "We have milk." And "yok" means, roughly, "there is none." So to say "Sutumuz yok var" would be like saying "Our milk exists there is none," which of course doesn't make sense. Hope this helps. So many thinks to learn with this language, which is so very different from English!
Sorry, unfortunately, you cannot translate the Turkish and English word for word in this expression. İn Turkish, to say that you as a group have no milk, you must basically say "our milk does not exist." Besides, your expression basically says "our (bizim) the milk does not exist." The possessive pronoun needs to be followed by a noun with also a possessive indication. So it's "benim kedim" (my cat) and "bizim evimiz" (our house). İt's not like English; you need a possessive ending on the thing that is owned as well. Hope this helps!
Amirjayjay, the word "sütsü" exists but it means "milky". "Süz"=suffix for "without". "Without milky" is not possible, don't you think? Antinomic, no? I assume that "sütmüzsüz" would be good, but in which sort of sentence? Something like: "we are without milk"? Hum!!! Anyway, the English sentence, here, is "we do not have milk "= "our milk does not exist"= "(bizim) sütümüz yok".
Dinna, do you want to say that you have not a Turksih keyboard? When i translate an English sentence in Turkish, i write the text in a frame. Below this frame, there is a row of Turkish letters i have not on my french keyboard. Do you have the same? If not, i know that we can download a turkish keybord, for free. If not, i copy the letter I miss, in the comments (when possible) and drop it in the word.
There is actually no verb "to have" in Turkish. Instead, possession or lack of possession is expressed by using a different construction:-
("my/your/his/our/your/their") + (object of mine/yours/his/ours/yours/theirs) + "there is" ("there exists") or "there is not" (there does not exist)
So, a few examples:-
I have a book => Benim kitabım var Literally: my + book of mine + there is
He/she has a car => Onun arabası var Literally: His/her/its + car of his/hers + there is
We have no sugar => Bizim şekerimiz yok Literally: Our + our sugar + there is not
Note that in each case benim/onun/bizim is not strictly necessary, as the possessive modifier to the object tells us whether it is I/you/he/we etc. However, you might nonetheless include it if you wanted to add emphasis, so for example if a question were asked:-
"Onların kedileri varmı? => Do they have cats? Literally: "their" + "cats of theirs" + "are there?"
and you wanted to emphasise that it was you that had a cat, but they didn't, or that the important point was not whether they have cats, but you did, then you could say:
"(Hayır,) benim kedim var" => (No) I have a cat Literally: (No +) my + cat of mine + there is.
Otherwise, if you merely replied "(Hayır,) kedim var", or "(Hayır,) benim kedim var" (with the stress in the usual place, being slightly on the "-im" syllable in "kedim", then this would sound rather odd, as if you had not fully understood or appreciated the question, and/or that you were emphasising the fact of you owning a cat, as opposed to some other pet.
I hope this assists!