I do not remember learning the word "judge" How can they test you on it when you have not been given it as a "new word" first?
Yes, but this was an audio and it was a new word and there was nowhere to "click" to see the meaning.
When this happens I consider a test of my ability to hear a new word and figure out how to spell it. I enjoy that, particularly if get it right. Or sometimes it's fun to guess what the word might mean. Real life learning is like that anyway.
I wonder how long it will take to stop automatically thinking of juice when I hear juíz or juízes...