mio o il mio

Is there some rule when should one say 'mio' and when 'il mio' when it comes to members of the family ? I make a blind guess and I am always wrong :(

September 5, 2013

  • 2108

The article must be omitted before the possessive if it refers to a close family member unmodified and singular: so it's "mio figlio" but "il mio figlio adottivo" and "i miei figli". It's optional when the possessive is alone as predicate, as usual, and there are a few terms, like mamma and papà, that can be interpreted as modifications (in that case of madre and padre), so it's optional for them as well.

September 5, 2013

what about the pluarl possessive? Nostro, loro? Do we use the article, i.e., il nostro padre? La loro sorrella?

October 24, 2013
  • 2108

It would be "nostro padre", yes, but "loro" is a special case, it's pretty rare to hear it without an article.

October 24, 2013

excellent question, helpful answer. thanks guys!

September 15, 2013

Yeah I always have an issue with this as well. Thanks

October 2, 2013

About family members, consider that if you use suffixes to express size, affection, or pejorative, you need to use the article in front of the possessive, as in the following examples:

  • "il mio fratellone"

  • "la mia zietta"

  • "il mio cuginetto"

  • "la mia mammina"

  • "la mia sorellastra" (="my half-sister")

  • "il mio patrigno" (="my step-father")

  • "la mia madrina" (="my godmother")

October 14, 2013
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