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  5. "Das Kind isst eine Erdbeere."

"Das Kind isst eine Erdbeere."

Translation:The child eats a strawberry.

December 18, 2012

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How to tell whether the sentence "Das Kind isst eine Erdbeere" should be translated as "the child eats a strawberry" or "the child is eating a strawberry"?


It depends on the context. In isolation, both translations are correct.


German does not have a present progressive tense (something ongoing that is happening in the present). So, "isst" means both "is eating" and "eats", there is no difference in German.


my problem is hearing the difference between ist and isst they sound the same to me me when i her it


There actually isn't any difference. You just have to figure it out via context.


I have just did research + asked my german teacher. "Das Kind" translates as "The child" , so "This child" should not be accepted! "This child" in german is "Dieses Kind" !


Is there an easy way to the masculine/feminine nature of words based on their ending or something?


no. there are some hints though. Eg. nouns ending in -keit -heit are feminine; those ending in -ung are mostly feminine; etc. Those ending in -er may be anything: eg. der Teller, die Butter, das Messer. When you meet a new substantive, you'd better to learn its article and its plural form.


Thank you, what's the difference between die/der and das?


Feminine(or plural)/Masculine/Neuter I believe. They all mean the same thing, just change depending on the gender of the noun.


When you say neutral do you mean like a situation whered thered be both masculine and feminine things?


Neutral/neuter is just another category of noun. Remember that the gender often has nothing to do with the expected gender of a noun. For example, it is Die Frau (the woman) but Das Madchen (the girl). There is no situation where a noun would be both masculine and feminine.


I meant neuter. So easy to say neutral when confronted with two different options.


they all mean "the", but refer to different genders. In german there are 3 genders. Nothing particularly surprising: in english there are 3 genders too, although the article "the" is the same for all of them (you distinguish them when you use the possessives "his, her, its" for example).


Thank you! So why is das Kind correct, why wouldnt it be die Kind or der Kind depending on the gender of the children?


The sex of the children has no bearing on the word Kind (likewise if you say 'the child' in English it doesn't mean a particular sex). If you want to specifically differentiate between gendered children, you would use 'der Junge' (the boy) or 'das Madchen' (the girl).


Every substantive carries its own gender somehow independently from its meaning (well a certain correlation exists, but ignore it for the first lessons). So "Kind" is neuter and will be forever neuter getting the "das" article. If you'd like to distinguish the sex of children you have to use different substantives as "das Mädchen" (girl) or "der Junge" (boy). Note that even "Mädchen" is neuter, despite its female meaning.


How do you pronounce Erdbeere?


You should pronounce it like "aired-bear-ah."


The letter 'd' is pronounced as a [t], but otherwise, spot on.


this is an impossible word for me to pronounce correctly. that's like number 5 already


In the word Erdbeere, it looks like the "beere" part means berry. Is that right? If so, what does "Erd" mean?


Earth. The literal translation is Earth berry. It's one of the many compound nouns in German.


So, why is a strawberry an "Earth berry?" Another example of a similar word is Erdapfel: a potato which ias an earth apple (pomme de terre).


No idea. I just know what it means.


Just so you know, in Germany potato is actually die Kartoffel. Der Erdapfel is mainly used in Austria.


True. But it's still the German language, even if it's mainly just a regional dialect.

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