Japanese Lesson 19: Possessives Part 1
Before we begin.
So we're going to be skipping plurals after all. Besides the obvious reason (Japanese has no plurals) hardly any counters are used in the lesson (not really surprised) so we'll be saving counters for the numbers section. um... the only other plural-ish thing is the use of "-tachi" which we've covered. It translates best to "group of"... and even then it's sort of an optional thing. All the vocabulary words in that section are ones we've already covered. So essentially the lessons would just be a repeat of what we already know... because things like "The horse eats" and "The horses eat" both translate to "Uma wa tabemasu."<h1>Lesson Time</h1>
We actually already know all the vocabulary words for this lesson. Creating a possessive word in Japanese is more a grammar thing than a vocabulary thing.
The Particle No : の
So, "no" as a possessive particle is pretty easy to use. Think of it like the English apostrophe S ( 's ), but not the contraction apostrophe s as in "is"
Like the English " 's " you want to use 「の」(no) after the word that owns the thing.
So your words are going to look like this:
(I/you/he/she/they/it/that/this) の (whatever that thing owns)
Here's the vocabulary list:
His： Kare no: かれ の： 彼の
Her： Kanojo no: かのじょ の： 彼女の
My： Watashi no: わたし の： 私の
Our： Watashitachi no: わたしたち の： 私達の
Your: Anata no: あなた の
Their (male or no determined gender): Karera no： かれら の： 彼らの
Their (female): Kanojo no: かのじょ の： 彼女の
I'm sure many of you are learning languages that have word genders, so let me clarify. You only have to match the gender here with the actual physical things you're talking about... EG: animals and people... you know.. things with gender. Past that don't sweat it.<h1>Sentences</h1>
Kare no neko
かれ の ねこ
Watashi no hon
わたし の ほん。
Watashitachi no neko.
わたしたち の ねこ。
Anata no hon.
あなた の ほん。
Their dog eats fish.
Karera no inu wa sakana o tabemasu.
かれら の いぬ は さかな を たべます。
Her horses drink water.
Kanojo no uma wa mizu o nomimasu.
かのじょ の うま は みず を のみます。
Our cat drinks milk.
Watashitachi no neko wa gyuunyuu o nomimasu.
わたしたち の ねこ は ぎゅうにゅう を のみます。
Everyone got it? :)
I'll be adding in 2 extra lessons that the reverse tree doesn't have in this section. @_@ so be prepared for extra grammar lessons!