the you's

Can someone please explain when to use which variant of you.

April 3, 2015


I hope this covers it pretty well :)

Du---Subject of the sentence (Vad heter du?)

Dig---object (Jag älskar dig)

Din---possessive (common) Din katt

Ditt---possessive (neuter) Ditt hus

Dina---possessive (plural) Dina barn

Also, there is "ni" which is apparently a formal version of you? (I read that it is something that you would call the king?) I'm a little unclear on that one..

Maybe the plural/somewhat-archaic-polite version as well?

Ni -- Subject of the sentence - Vad heter ni/Ni? (capital usually used for polite version)
Er -- object - Jag älskar er/Er (polite version extremely uncommon today, I would say)
Er -- possessive (common) - er/Er katt
Ert -- possessive (neuter) - Ert hus (quite frankly, I don't know if you would use Ert [capital] in this case, since I don't think I've ever seen it, but it feels kind of right)
Era -- possessive (plural) - Era barn

Thank you for your additions :) I've only learned ni, er, etc. on Duo, so I wasn't sure how common or necessary those were to learn as they seem to be pretty well ignored on every other course I've used.

They are always used the plural you in Swedish (there is no other word, at least to my knowledge), and sometimes in formal language, similar to French vous or Spanish usted/ustedes ^^

You don't really have to worry about the polite version (although I would actually be surprised if you didn't recognize it XD), but the plural is quite important!

Edit: They have been ignored? Really? That's... pretty odd, actually o.O

Maybe ignored is the wrong word :p

But I can't recall learning those! I feel a little embarrassed now, but I appreciate you inadvertently clearing this up for me as well as @waltermitty1 who hopefully can benefit from our conversation here :)

No problem, it's what I'm here for ^^ No need to feel embarrassed either! If I was embarrassed every time I were wrong (subjunctive, right?)/made a mistake, I would never stop blushing XD
  • Du = you (singular)
  • Ni = you (plural)

Ni could be translated as "you all", "you guys", "y'all" in English. Du only refers to one person.

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