"Türkiye Almanya'ya çok mu uzak?"
Translation:Is Turkey very far away from Germany?
Hi! I've got two questions First: Why it is not "Almanya'dan"? Second: Why did "mu" come before "Uzak"? all in all; Can it be said like this? Türkiye Almanya'dan çok uzak mu?
I mean, would it be posible to say "Türkiye Almanya'ya çok uzak mi" or would that change the meaning?
I saw that nobody answered the question. In the meantime I learned a lot more. I don't know If I will be able to explain in English language. The question particle has to go after the stressed noun and the predicate has to go in the end of the sentence. Here not uzak is stressed, means you cannot ask ....uzak mi. That would stress uzak and the question would not really make sense. Alemanya'dan would mean at Germany. Therefore not possible. lit. Turkey to Germany very far away?, stressing the distance from Turkey and Germany the mu must come behind these two countries. Sorry, I am not able to explain it better in English language. Hopefully it is clear enough.
how is tolerance for mistakes in Turkish. In In Greece for example once we realize that greek is a foreign language for someone we accept all sorts of mistakes.
But isn't it "Turkey" that is in the focus in the sentence? Even if "Turkey" is the subject in the English sentence, the focus seems to be on "Germany" - it is a question you expect to here from a person's perspective who is currently in Germany, right? So why isn't it "Is Germany very far from Turkey?"
This is what google translation gave me to your question. (I don't know whether this may be right, anyway there is the question particle missing):
'Türkiye'ye Almanya çok uzak.'
As your question asks 'to Germany' I guess (not for sure) that actually it should be 'Almanya'ya' rather than 'Türkiye'ye'. (?)
Thanks Marie. But I think I now have the answer to my question. It is because of the vowel harmony rules. If the question particle comes after uzak, it would be uzak mi. Since it is mu, it has to placed after cok.
the question particle normally will adapt to what you want to ask for. (and will stand behind the word to what it is referring)
So you wouldn't say: I take the question particle e.g. mi or mu, so let's see which word fits in for this one, but you would look for the word you want to ask for and than you take the fitting question particle.
For uzak it is mı (not mi).
Please see here for 4-way vowel harmony:
EDIT: Sorry, I had to do several editings.
I also have a question about mu coming before uzak. Why has nobody answered this?
You're right you could say 'uzak mu'.
In this case the question strengthens the adverb 'çok '. So it is not generally asking if Turkey is far away from Germany but it is asking if T. is VERY far away from Germany.
I really find this an interesting phrase, to the same extent I am not able to comprend it. (I mean I understand what it says but the expression Nominative -> Dative is not entirely clear to me)
What would 'Türkiye Almanya'ya uzak mu' mean? Is it perhaps you are measuring the distance between Turkey and Germany? So this sentence means something along the lines of 'Is the distance Turkey to Germany long?'
Is there anybody who wants to clear up my confusion? I would really be greatful!