Salve, dai vari esercizi svolti, ho dedotto che se le parole turche terminano con le seguenti consonanti: "f, s, t, k, ç, ş, h, p" e le stesse sono precedute da "o, u" , oppure "ö,ü" avranno come suffisso "tur", mentre se le stesse consonanti sono precedute da "a, e, i" avranno come suffisso"tir". Buona giornata.
There are a few ways to say “to be” in Turkish depending on what you are saying. This is shocking since there is not an actual verb “to be.” A suffix is used to form “to be” in the present tense. The suffixes are as follows:
Suffix Person/Number Example English -(y)Im 1st sing. (Ben) mutluyum. I am happy. -sIn 2nd sing. (Sen) mutlusun. You are happy. ∅, -DIr 3rd sing O mutlu. He/She/It is happy. -(y)Iz 1st pl. (Biz) mutluyuz. We are happy. -sInIz 2nd pl. (Siz) mutlusunuz. You are happy. ∅, -DIr 3rd pl. Onlar mutlu/mutludur. They are happy. -lAr, -DIrlAr 3rd pl. (Onlar) mutlular/mutludurlar. They are happy. There are a few points to talk about in the above chart.
1) All except the 3rd person pl. suffix follow 4-way vowel harmony.
2) In the 1st person, you will see a buffer “-y-” be used if the adjective or noun ends in a vowel.
3) The suffix -DIr is used to clarify any ambiguity, emphasize, or state facts. This both follows 4-way vowel harmony and has consonant harmony; ‘d’ changes to ‘t’ after the following consonants (p ç t k s ş h f).
4) The suffix -lAr is optional in the 3rd person pl. However, it is only optional when referring to people. This suffix may not be used for items and animals. Only humans!
Eh... In my native language (Farsi) we have a similar r sound. It's sort of like an unvocalized version of an english R and you let some air pass through the top of the tip of your tongue. And you don't fold the sides of your tongue like in English. But honestly, I'm sure turks will understand you either way. Don't worry about it.