I would welcome if any native speaker could clarify the use of 'olmaz' in this sentence. I would assume "there is no big spider' would translate as "Büyük örümcek yok".
Are there semantic differences between alternatives "büyük örümcek olmaz/yok" that we the learners should know about?
you can only use this grammatic feature with nouns that have adjectives prior to them. this is a very special feature of the word olmaz BE CAREFUL. you cannot say örümcek olmaz.
to be more clear you can use 'diye bir şey'
Örümcek diye bir şey yok.
Büyük örümcek diye bir şey yok.
Büyük örümcek diye bir şey olmaz.
It's a grammatical word and it has different meanings in different sentences. There is not an exact translation.
'So that' meaning: Konuşuruz diye bekliyorum. -> I'm waiting so that we will talk.
'Called/named/as' meaning: Bedava yemek diye bir şey yoktur. -> There is no such thing as free food.
Ali diye bir çocuk var. -> There is a boy named Ali.
Telefonla ödeme diye/şeklinde bir seçenek var. -> There is an option of paying with phone.
Direct speech meaning: "Yardım" diye bağırdı. -> "Help" he shouted.
In this example, it has the 'called/named' meaning.
I'm getting this sentence in the (first?) aorist skill, and the tips and notes don'T cover negatives - so perhaps that's where i'm confused. They do list olmak as one of thirteen irregular verbs that take different vowels for their aorist tense, so i would have guessed "olur" to be the 3rd person singular, and an "m" to be thrown in some place for negative.
Could someone dissect this "olmaz" please? I'm particularly curious about how that "z" landed here...
Yes, sure. In tips and notes is written: 1. 13 single syllable verbs take the tense sign as -ir -ır -ür -ur Yes, there are only 13 irregular verbs, and only in this tense :) These verbs are almak, bilmek, bulmak, durmak, gelmek, görmek, kalmak, olmak, ölmek, sanmak, vermek, vurmak On learning them I wrote them down several times and always thought that my memory does not work because I listed only 12. Finally I saw that there are really only 12 verbs listed in Tips and Notes. But as I said, I already reported this some weeks ago.
I think all the comments/explanations here made this sentence very useful. Even if one never uses this sentence structure to talk about big spiders, one can use it for other concepts (there is no evil; there is no hope, etc.) -- and, more importantly, UNDERSTAND its meaning when someone else uses it.