"Kurbağa altı tane örümcek yer."
Translation:The frog eats six spiders.
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I find nice explanation by YakinAlan 171110976 "tane" is optional here. It provides some sort of a precision and emphasis. It implies that something has been counted already. For larger numbers like 100 or 1000 if you say, "Benim yüz kuşum var". I will (as a native ear) assume that that may not be an exact number, it is maybe something around that. Or even you are exaggerating or speaking off the top of your head. In that case, "tane" really helps. "Benim yüz tane kuşum var" may imply that you are serious about the quantity.
There are some places in which "tane" may be substituted with the item itself.
A: Benim üç kuşum var. B: Benim beş tane (var).
It is used for the questions: Such as "Kaç tane?"= "How many" etc.
I hope that helps...
It is described in this lesson notes and tips as follow:
When you use a digit with a noun, you should NEVER use the plural suffix on the end of the noun. This is redundant and grammatically incorrect in turkish.
To read the lessons' notes and tips, i had to enter the www.duolingo.com/learn from my pc/android web-browser.
Hope this helps. :)