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Japanese Lesson Table Of Contents


Free Japanese Learning Resources

Moving this to the top because I think it gets completely overlooked at the bottom. Just a compilation of about 20 free Japanese learning websites, most of which I used in my journey, some that other users have recommended.




Writing Systems

Basics 1 part 1:
man, woman, I, am, a, boy, girl

Basics 1 part 2:
he, is, she, an, apple, and, eat

Basics 1 part 3:
eats, the, bread, drink, drinks, water


Basics 2 part 1:
boys, girls, we, read, newspaper, men, women

Basics 2 part 2:
you, are, milk, sandwich, rice, they, child

Basics 2 part 3:
reads, book, menu, it, children, have, has


Phrases part 1:
hello, bye, thanks, you, yes, no, please

Phrases part 2:
please, fine, morning, night, sorry

Phrases part 3:
welcome, not, speak, english


Food part 1:
fish, orange, wine, coffee, egg

Food part 2:
chicken, plate, sugar, lunch, breakfast, cheese

Food part 3:
fruit, pasta, juice, beer, beef, soup

Food part 4:
tomato, strawberry, lemon, food, oil, dinner

Food part 5:
salt, meat, meal, tea, pork, vegetarian, itadakimasu, gochisousama


Animals part 1:
cat, dog, horse, bird, elephant, duck, turtle

Animals part 2:
crab, spider, animal, bear, mouse


Possessives part 1:
his, her, my, our, your, their

This and That


Possessives part 2:
Yours, ours, mine, thing

... but not really ...

"Dewa arimasen" - "Ja nai"

The Particle "Ni"

-Te Form AKA Command Form


Clothing part 1
Wear (shoulders to waist), wear (waist down), shirt, skirt, dress, shoes, coat

Clothing part 2
Pants, clothes, suit, hat, wear (on head), few/some/several


Continuing Action Form

Verbs Part 1
Walk, Write, Swim, See

Verbs Part 2
Cook, Sleep, Run, suru, kuru

Verbs Part 3
Want, like, pay, go, play, use, love, fall, rain

Verbs Part 4
Touch, hear, listen, say, と as a quotation particle

Verbs Part 5 Tell, make, find, work, support, need, know, take, design, show


Colors Part 1
Red, orange, white, black, blue, yellow, green.

Colors Part 2
Gray, Color, Brown, Colorful, Pink, Purple


Interrogative sentences part 1
the particle "Ka" and basic interrogative sentences

Interrogative sentences part 2
When, who, what

Interrogative Sentences part 3
Why, Which, Where

Interrogative Sentences part 4
Whose, how, question, answer


Compound Sentences part 1
If, Because, But

Compound Sentences part 2
When, whenever, while, or


Prepositions part 1
From, in, on, at, of, between, by

Prepositions part 2
For, about, without, with, to, like, as

Prepositions part 3
After, out, under, off, during, among, behind

Prepositions part 4
towards, near, over, except, against


Date and Time Part 1
Today, Tomorrow, Tonight, Night, Morning, Afternoon, Time

Date and Time Part 2
Calendar, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Day

Date and Time Part 3
Saturday, Sunday, year, age, week, month, hour

Date and Time Part 4
Date, January, February, March, April, May, June

Date and Time Part 5
July, August, September, October, November, December, Seasons

Date and Time Part 6, 7, and 8
Winter, Spring, Summer, Fall, generation, century, birthday, moment, evening, decade, second, period, a bit, minute, until


Family Part 1
Mother, Father, Son, Daughter, Brother, Sister

Family Part 2
Siblings, Husband, Wife, Spouses, Aunt, Uncle, Marriage

Family Part 3
Grandmother, Family, Grandfather, parents, name


Jobs Part 1
Student, Doctor, Work, Author, Job, Model, Staff

Jobs Part 2
Director, Career, Police, Artist, Secretary, Workers, Lawyer (BONUS: Inu No Omawari san)

Jobs Part 3
professional, judge, writer, police officer, guard, actor, captain, as (i.e. in the role of)

Jobs Part 4
Cook, Soldiers, Boss, Profession, Farmer, Architect, Engineer, Waiter, Waitress


Adjectives Part 1
Little, tired, bilingual, same, next, general, real

Adjectives Part 2
local, special, open, own, personal, main, private

Adjectives Part 3
clean, dirty, different, left, human, recent, legal

Adjectives Part 4
Important, Professional, Living, Future, Possible, Popular

Adjectives Part 5
Official, Final, Whole, Necessary, Military, Independent, Responsible

Adjectives Part 6
Excellent, perfect, beautiful, modern, positive, normal, minimum

Adjectives Part 7
Traditional, wrong, historical, cultural, interesting, religious, serious

Adjectives Part 8
Famous, negative, efficient, expensive, familiar, impossible, alive

Adjectives Part 9
Convenient, opposite, afraid, sad, frequent, wooden


PT Verbs 2 Part 1
sign, open, think, change, return, call, save

PT Verbs 2 Part 2
Look, live, come, study, offers, give, offer

PT Verbs 2 Part 3
needs, try, includes, ask, present, works, talk.

PT Verbs 2 Part 4
Mark, feel, make, show, remember, stop, wish, feeling good, feeling bad

PT Verbs 2 Part 5
Hope, searches, fail, include, pass, believe.


Christmas Part 1

Christmas Part 2

April 7, 2015



Thanks for listing this. If there is not already a Japanese course on Duolingo, I hope one will be developed. Where I live, I meet many Japanese immigrants and their kids, and I would love to practice with them.


:) I'm glad I can be of help. These lessons are sort of a supplement until a real course can be created.


I am afraid your lessons may be lost in the future since this is just a forum, isn't there a way to post all these nice lessons on a separate site and just paste the link here? You could make a free blog or something, much better than this forum I believe.


I DO have a Japanese blog on tumblr... but otherwise, yeah eventually these lessons may be lost to time. This tree is kept alive by word of mouth and my occasional updates pretty much.


ありがとう ! :)



[deactivated user]

    Are you going to continue this?


    Yes I am. I just got moved positions at work... and I guess the department I'm now in is HELLA behind... so I'm working up to 10 hour days on the week days... and generally full days on the weekends as well. So I'm really tired. Looks like we're getting caught up though (we're still 10 days behind ;A;) and I'll have help here at home soon so I'm not completely bogged down with chores and such... but until then I'm sort of on hiatus. :/

    [deactivated user]

      Well thank you for your effort and hard work! You have really helped me in the language, and besides a few sources, you are one of my favourites for 日本語. Take your time and keep up good the work, and rest well!


      WOW! :D Thank you so much! Yes I will get back to these as soon as I can.


      Good on you, I'm very glad that you're doing this and I hope that you've applied to create the course.

      EDIT: By the way, I've given you some lingots to get you up to 200.


      :) Yes I did apply to create a course. Thank you for the lingots.


      Thank you for taking on this project for everyone. Enjoy the lingots! :)


      Yippee! Thanks so much for setting this up. So much easier to find a specific lesson by coming here than by scrolling through the "next lesson" links!


      ^_^ Good glad it's already being useful!


      Nice- I like how you're recreating the Duolingo tree with typed lessons :D Looking forward to more of your lessons!


      I'm using this as a companion to the JP for EN speakers course. Thank you for explaining the grammar and such! It really helps :)


      ^_^ I'm glad it's helping you out!! :D I was hoping someone might use it along with the ENG for JP tree.


      Why isn't this a course on duolingo


      Because, in part, Duo hasn't figured out how to tackle the challenges of teaching Hiragana, Katakana, and Kanji all at once... that and the English for Japanese speaker's course isn't done yet. ^_^


      Also, Japanese is very unique, in that it is a very contextual language; one sentence can mean multiple things, and there are multiple ways to express one sentence. For example 手を伸ばす can 'I raise my hand', 'I raise a hand', 'I raise the hand', 'I raise my hands', 'I raise the hands', 'You raise your hand', 'You raise a hand', etc. and the same for third person and plural. Secondly, there is informal and formal Japanese, as well as honorific and vulgar. There are many verbs that mean one verb based on their formality, ex: 食う、食べる、召し上がる、いただく all can mean 'eat'. Also, the copula です can be added to almost anything. To state request such as 'listen (to me)' are very numerous: 聞け, 聞いて, 聞きなさい, 聞いてくれ, 聞いてください, 聞いてもらえますか?聞いていただけますか?, お聞きください, お聞きなさいませ. With three writing systems, 猫、ネコ、and ねこ all mean 'cat', but in different writing form. Many hiragana phrases have kanji as well, like ありがとうございます becomes 有り難う御座います. It's a very tricky process, since there are so many ways to be right, yet equally as many ways to be wrong.


      It's coming out on May 15th this year. (Maybe.)

      [deactivated user]

        This is exacly what i was looking for!! これは、あなたのおかげで非常に多くの人々が日本を知っているだろう多くの人々のための偉大な使用です!




        こんにちは! I wanted to make a post on the list of lessons created by users (soon I hope) and I just want to let you know that I will include the link of this lesson page and username there ^^ please reply if you give the permission to do so


        That's fine. I don't mind. :)


        ありがとうございます! ^^






        Your lessons are very helpful to me!!! Thank you :-))


        Wow this is soooo helpful, thanks!


        Wow! I can't wait to look at this!


        could you please add a course of japanese numbers?


        The numbers lesson is about 10 lesson bubbles down.
        I'm pretty much just translating the reverse tree lessons in the order they're in. But yes, numbers will be covered!


        i love this! here, take 20 or so lingots haha


        This is AWESOME!!!! Thanks!:)


        I hope that you will add more duolingo style lessons c: this is good. you get a lingot


        I'll be going for as long as I can. My goal is to go until either I've translated the entire tree, or Duo makes a course. Whichever comes first.


        Great that you contributed as you did! How come that Japanese is not proposed on Duolingo? With the existence of the incubator, maybe you could launch the project, that would be fantastic!


        Japanese isn't on Duolingo because the English for Japanese speaker's course isn't quite finished yet and they have some hurdles to jump in figuring out how to teach the 3 writing systems to English speakers. It'll come eventually. :)


        Can you give me an advice on learning the writing system? I tried to learn some characters on Memrise, but I forget them very quickly! Is there a nice site or something that can help, or is using the pencil and paper the only efficient way to learn them?


        That's what worked for me was pencil and paper. ... Mostly it's repetition repetition repetition. Keep going over your flashcards. Try to write as many characters as you can remember during your day. Try to read anything you find. I won't lie it can be pretty tough to start with. I'm only now starting to gain any sort of real reading speed. :) But you can do it!


        Great to know, thank you! btw, starting with only spoken Japanese would already be great!


        I think that's how we all start, really. I learned how to speak before I learned how to write. (... and I learned how to read before I learned how to understand spoken Japanese...)


        Yes, I agree. Starting with only spoken Japanese would be great. It can be written in romaji. I've taken other courses that were set up that way. The kanji, hiragana, and katakana are in the lessons for interest


        May I learn Japanese as well?


        By all means. Anyone is allowed to use this set to learn. :) It's free for everyone to use.


        Thank you!! Im new to duolingo and im very intressted in Japanese! Can we be friends?


        ^_^ Sure of course!


        Hello, EnvyFangirl1!

        [deactivated user]

          Hi, you can call me Skittles or Envy-Chan


          Ok Envy-Chan! What do I do now?

          [deactivated user]

            We can start on the first lesson


            these are great :D thank you


            I really appreciate the time, effort, and dedication involved in putting this together for all of us. ありがとうございます!


            <3 thank you for the lovely message


            As someone who is currently studying the Japanese language in school, I'll gladly help contribute to the course if need be. I think 漢字 would be a good think to try to incorporate as it can get messy if one doesn't understand at least some simple kanji to some degree. ^^ Let me know if I can help in any way.


            Sure. I usually put the kanji right in with the lessons actually. :) But any suggestions you may have are welcome.


            Still updating to this day! :D Keep up the great work!


            https://incubator.duolingo.com/courses/ja/en/status It seems that the "Japanese for English Speakers" has finally made it into the incubation process! Just posting this in case you or anyone else hasn't noticed or is interested!


            I have just found your course... That seems amazing, really respect for your work and a huge thank you, friend! ( :


            Thank you. Some of the links are no-longer working and I'm trying to archive them on my Japanese tumblr blog. x_x I've been a little busy this last month or so so there's only six lessons archived on Kitsune No Nihongo


            I was wondering if i could copy this down in a notebook?


            This is very helpful while I am learning Japanese here! Thank you!

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